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Auteur Leblad, B.R.; Amnhir, R.; Reqia, S.; Sitel, F.; Daoudi, M.; Marhraoui, M.; Abdellah, M.K.O.; Veron, B.; Er-Raioui, H.; Laabir, M.
Titre Seasonal variations of phytoplankton assemblages in relation to environmental factors in Mediterranean coastal waters of Morocco, a focus on HABs species Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Harmful Algae
Volume 96 Numéro Pages 101819
Mots-Clés bay; bizerte lagoon; climate-change; domoic acid; Environmental factors; gymnodinium-catenatum; HABs; harmful algal blooms; Phytoplankton diversity; pseudo-nitzschia; psp toxins; shellfish; SW Mediterranean; temperature; Toxins
Résumé Studies on phytoplankton and in particular Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) species in southern Mediterranean waters are scarce. We performed from April 2008 to June 2009 weekly investigations on microphytoplankton community structure and abundance in two contrasted marine ecosystems located in the western Moroccan Mediterranean coast, M'diq Bay and Oued Laou Estuary. Simultaneously, we measured the main physico-chemical parameters. Globally, the two studied areas showed comparable values of the assessed abiotic environmental factors. Temperature and salinity followed seasonal variation with values ranging from 13.5 degrees C to 21.4 degrees C and 31 to 36.8, respectively. Average nutrient values in surface water ranged from 0.7 to 45.76 mu M for dissolved inorganic nitrogen, 0.02-2.10 mu M for PO4 and 0.23-17.46 mu M for SiO4 in the study areas. A total of 92 taxa belonging to 8 taxonomic classes were found. The highest number of microphytoplankton abundance reached 1.2 x 10(6) cells L-1 with diatoms being the most abundant taxa. Factorial Discriminant Analysis (FDA) and Spearman correlation test showed a significant seasonal discrimination of dominant microphytoplankton species. These micro-organisms were associated with different environmental variables, in particular temperature and salinity. Numerous HABs species were encountered regularly along the year. Although Dinophysis species and Prorocentrum lima were present in both sites, no Lipophilic Shellfish Poisoning was detected for the analyzed bivalve mollusks. Domoic acid (DA), produced by toxic species of Pseudo-nitzschia was found with concentrations up to 18 mu g DA g(-1) in the smooth clam Callista chione. Data showed that the observed persistent and dramatic Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) intoxication of mollusks resulted probably of Gymnodinium catenatum proliferations in both studied areas. Contrary to C. chione, the cockle Achanthocardia tuberculatum showed a permanent and extremely high toxicity level during the 15 months survey with up to 7545 mu g Equivalent Saxitoxin kg(-1) flesh (ten times higher than the sanitary threshold of 800 tg eqSTX Kg(-1) flesh). The present work highlights for the first time the dynamic of microphytoplankton including HABs species and their associated toxin accumulation in the commercially exploited shellfish in the southern western Mediterranean waters of Morocco. Furthermore, the acquired data will help us to improve the monitoring of HABs species and related toxins in these coastal marine systems.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1568-9883 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000541912700003 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2820
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Auteur Soares, A.; Lira, A.S.; Gonzalez, J.G.; Eduardo Nole, L.; Lucena-Fredou, F.; Le Loc'h, F.; Ferreira, B.P.; Fredou, T.
Titre Feeding habits and population aspects of the spotted goatfish, Pseudupeneus maculatus (Perciformes: Mullidae), on the continental shelf of northeast Brazil Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Sci. Mar.
Volume 84 Numéro 2 Pages 119-131
Mots-Clés biodiversity; biology; Brazil; coast; cross-shelf; diet composition; distribution patterns; dynamics; ecology; island; reef fishes; stable isotopes; stomach content analysis; strategy; teleostei
Résumé This study provides information about the feeding habits, population aspects and spatial distribution of the spotted goatfish, Pseudupeneus maculatus, along the coast of the tropical Brazilian continental shelf. Distribution patterns are described using length frequencies and catch rates. Stable isotope ratios of carbon (delta C-13) and nitrogen (delta N-15), along with stomach contents, were analysed to determine the diet of the spotted goatfish. Multivariate analysis and numerical indicators of the diet, such as numerical frequency. frequency of occurrence and weight percentage, were computed to evaluate the diet composition. The mean trophic position was defined using both stable isotope ratios and stomach content analysis. The length at first maturity for the species was determined as 13.7 cm. A slight pattern in size distribution was observed, with mean size increasing with depth along the shelf. The diet was mainly composed of crustaceans, teleosts and Polychaeta. No clear dietary difference was found between habitat types, water depth or latitude. Both trophic positions estimated by stable isotopes and stomach contents analysis ranged between levels 3 and 4. P. maculatus was found to be feeding on many rare and infrequent prey items, classifying it as a generalist zoobenthivorous predator, probably due to its efficient search strategy.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0214-8358 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000539067100006 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2825
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Auteur Jac, C.; Desroy, N.; Certain, G.; Foveau, A.; Labrune, C.; Vaz, S.
Titre Detecting adverse effect on seabed integrity. Part 2: How much of seabed habitats are left in good environmental status by fisheries? Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Indic.
Volume 117 Numéro Pages 106617
Mots-Clés assemblages; beam trawl; benthic communities; diversity; extraction; ges; impact; Indices; macrofauna; management; mfsd; term; Threshold values; trawling disturbance; Trawling impact
Résumé By relating observed changes to the pressures suffered, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive intends to better control the factors of environmental degradation and to manage their consequences in European waters. Several descriptors are defined within the framework of the MFSD and in particular descriptor 1 relating to the biological diversity of the seabed and descriptor 6 relating to the seabed integrity (i.e. the quality of their structures and functions). For each descriptor, indicators and threshold values must be defined and a novel conceptual approach to define and detect seabed integrity thresholds is proposed here. Bottom trawling being the main source of shelf continental disturbance, it is important to evaluate its impact on benthic habitat. The goal of this study is to propose a methodology to determine “Good Ecological Status” threshold values for each habitat type present in three contrasted MFSD sub-region (North Sea, English Channel and Mediterranean Sea). Trawling impacts are dependent of the spatial and temporal distribution of the fishing effort, fishing gears, intensity of natural disturbances and habitat types. Benthic community structures present in these areas were studied using by-catch non-commercial benthic invertebrates data collected during French scientific bottom trawl surveys. Swept area ratios derived from VMS data were used to quantify the intensity of fishery induced abrasion on the seabed. A modeling approach was used to determine abrasion threshold values on each EUNIS level 4 habitat. The values, beyond which trawling has an adverse effect on benthic communities, have been determined for each habitat. This made it possible to assess and map the ecological status of each of the habitats and to determine the percentage of each habitat impacted by trawling. The method proposed here to evaluate the impact of trawling on benthic communities highlighted that the vast majority of the investigated sub-regions were adversely impacted or lost as a result of seabed impacting trawling.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1470-160x ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000555554700002 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2845
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Auteur Jac, C.; Desroy, N.; Certain, G.; Foveau, A.; Labrune, C.; Vaz, S.
Titre Detecting adverse effect on seabed integrity. Part 1: Generic sensitivity indices to measure the effect of trawling on benthic mega-epifauna Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Indic.
Volume 117 Numéro Pages 106631
Mots-Clés beam trawl; Benthic sensitivity; biological traits; biomass; community structure; disturbance; functional diversity; habitats; impacts; Indices; marine biotic index; msfd; Seabed integrity; southern north-sea; Trawling effect
Résumé The benthic fauna of European continental shelves is a severely impacted community, mostly due to intense bottom trawling activity. Trawling effect may be dependent on the spatial and temporal distribution of abrasion, the habitat type including natural perturbation intensity and the fishing gear used. Nonetheless, there is an urgent need to identify or develop indices likely to measure the effect of trawling. For this purpose benthic fauna by-catch monitored in scientific trawl surveys carried out in all European waters in the frame of the Common Fishery Policy Data Collection Multiannual Program may be used. Benthic invertebrates data used in this study were collected during scientific bottom trawl surveys covering the English Channel, the North Sea and the North-West Mediterranean. Swept area ratios derived from VMS data were used to quantify the intensity of fishery induced abrasion on the seabed. Fifteen indices were investigated: taxonomic diversity metrics, functional di-versity indices and functional indices, the two later based on sensitivity traits to physical abrasion. Their properties, such as their capacity to detect trawling effect, their statistical behavior or their ability to inform on community structure, were investigated. Among them, fours indices specific to fishery effect detection based on biological traits appeared to be the best performing benthic indices regarding these requirements: Trawling Disturbance Index (TDI), modified-Trawling Disturbance Index (mTDI), partial-Trawling Disturbance Index (pTDI), modified sensitivity index (mT). Maps of the distribution pattern of seabed sensitivity captured through each of these four indices were produced. This work has highlighted the need to use specific indices to monitor the effect of trawling on benthic communities but also that the use of different indices may be necessary to carry out this monitoring in all European waters.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1470-160x ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000555551000015 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2846
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Auteur Marques, V.; Guerin, P.-E.; Rocle, M.; Valentini, A.; Manel, S.; Mouillot, D.; Dejean, T.
Titre Blind assessment of vertebrate taxonomic diversity across spatial scales by clustering environmental DNA metabarcoding sequences Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecography
Volume Numéro Pages
Mots-Clés 12S primer; alpha-beta-delta-diversity; biodiversity change; clustering; edna; future; identification; marine; metabarcoding; MOTUs; rare biosphere; reference database
Résumé Human activities impact all ecosystems on Earth, which urges scientists to better understand biodiversity changes across temporal and spatial scales. Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding is a promising non-invasive method to assess species composition in a wide range of ecosystems. Yet, this method requires the completeness of a reference database, i.e. a list of DNA sequences attached to each species of the regional pool, which is rarely met. As an alternative, molecular operational taxonomic units (MOTUs) can be extracted as clusters of sequences. However, the extent to which the diversity of MOTUs can predict the diversity of species across spatial scales is unknown. Here, we used 196 samples along the Rhone river (France) for which the reference database is complete to assess whether a blind eDNA approach can reliably predict the ground-truth number of species at different spatial scales. Using the 12S rDNA teleo primer, we curated and clustered 60 million sequences into MOTUs using a new assembled bioinformatic pipeline. We show that stringent quality filters were necessary to remove artefact noise, notably MOTUs present in a single PCR replicate, which represented 55% of MOTUs (103). Post-clustering cleaning also removed 19 additional erroneous MOTUs and only discarded one truly present species. We then show that the diversity of retained fish MOTUs accurately predicted the local (alpha, r = 0.98) and regional (gamma) ground-truth species diversity (67 MOTUs versus 63 species), but also the species dissimilarity between samples (beta-diversity, r = 0.98). This work paves the way towards extending the use of eDNA metabarcoding in community ecology and biogeography despite major gaps in genetic reference databases.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0906-7590 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000555293900001 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2849
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