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Auteur (up) Arnaud-Haond, S.; Stoeckel, S.; Bailleul, D.
Titre New insights into the population genetics of partially clonal organisms: When seagrass data meet theoretical expectations Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Mol. Ecol.
Volume 29 Numéro 17 Pages 3248-3260
Mots-Clés asexual reproduction; climate-change; clonal growth; differentiation; dispersal; diversity; efficiency; growth; larval dispersal; marine meadows; mating system; migration; ria formosa; seagrass; zostera-marina
Résumé Seagrass meadows are among the most important coastal ecosystems in terms of both spatial extent and ecosystem services, but they are also declining worldwide. Understanding the drivers of seagrass meadow dynamics is essential for designing sound management, conservation and restoration strategies. However, poor knowledge of the effect of clonality on the population genetics of natural populations severely limits our understanding of the dynamics and connectivity of meadows. Recent modelling approaches have described the expected distributions of genotypic and genetic descriptors under increasing clonal rates, which may help us better understand and interpret population genetics data obtained for partial asexuals. Here, in the light of these recent theoretical developments, we revisited population genetics data for 165 meadows of four seagrass species. Contrasting shoot lifespan and rhizome turnover led to the prediction that the influence of asexual reproduction would increase along a gradient fromZostera noltiitoZostera marina, Cymodocea nodosaandPosidonia oceanica, with increasing departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (F-is), mostly towards heterozygote excess, and decreasing genotypic richness (R). This meta-analysis provides a nested validation of this hypothesis at both the species and meadow scales through a significant relationship betweenF(is)andRwithin each species. By empirically demonstrating the theoretical expectations derived from recent modelling approaches, this work calls for the use of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (F-is) rather than only the strongly sampling-sensitiveRto assess the importance of clonal reproduction (c), at least when the impact of selfing onF(is)can be neglected. The results also emphasize the need to revise our appraisal of the extent of clonality and its influence on the dynamics, connectivity and evolutionary trajectory of partial asexuals in general, including in seagrass meadows, to develop the most accurate management strategies.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0962-1083 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2863
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Auteur (up) Arneth, A.; Shin, Y.-J.; Leadley, P.; Rondinini, C.; Bukvareva, E.; Kolb, M.; Midgley, G.F.; Oberdorff, T.; Palomo, I.; Saito, O.
Titre Post-2020 biodiversity targets need to embrace climate change Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Pnas
Volume 117 Numéro 49 Pages 30882-30891
Mots-Clés biodiversity; ecosystem services; policy; sustainability
Résumé Recent assessment reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) have highlighted the risks to humanity arising from the unsustainable use of natural resources. Thus far, land, freshwater, and ocean exploitation have been the chief causes of biodiversity loss. Climate change is projected to be a rapidly increasing additional driver for biodiversity loss. Since climate change and biodiversity loss impact human societies everywhere, bold solutions are required that integrate environmental and societal objectives. As yet, most existing international biodiversity targets have overlooked climate change impacts. At the same time, climate change mitigation measures themselves may harm biodiversity directly. The Convention on Biological Diversity’s post-2020 framework offers the important opportunity to address the interactions between climate change and biodiversity and revise biodiversity targets accordingly by better aligning these with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. We identify the considerable number of existing and proposed post-2020 biodiversity targets that risk being severely compromised due to climate change, even if other barriers to their achievement were removed. Our analysis suggests that the next set of biodiversity targets explicitly addresses climate change-related risks since many aspirational goals will not be feasible under even lower-end projections of future warming. Adopting more flexible and dynamic approaches to conservation, rather than static goals, would allow us to respond flexibly to changes in habitats, genetic resources, species composition, and ecosystem functioning and leverage biodiversity’s capacity to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0027-8424, 1091-6490 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2922
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Auteur (up) Aubé, J.; Senin, P.; Pringault, O.; Bonin, P.; Deflandre, B.; Bouchez, O.; Bru, N.; Biritxinaga-Etchart, E.; Klopp, C.; Guyoneaud, R.; Goñi-Urriza, M.
Titre The impact of long-term hydrocarbon exposure on the structure, activity, and biogeochemical functioning of microbial mats Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume 111 Numéro 1 Pages 115-125
Mots-Clés Biogeochemical functioning; diversity; Hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria; Microbial mats
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2155
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Auteur (up) Aubree, F.; David, P.; Jarne, P.; Loreau, M.; Mouquet, N.; Calcagno, V.
Titre How community adaptation affects biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Lett.
Volume 23 Numéro 8 Pages 1263-1275
Mots-Clés stability; competition; species richness; species interactions; diversity; selection; consequences; species traits; evolution; productivity; food webs; Adaptive dynamics; eco-evolutionary dynamics; invasion; niche differentiation
Résumé Evidence is growing that evolutionary dynamics can impact biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationships. However the nature of such impacts remains poorly understood. Here we use a modelling approach to compare random communities, with no trait evolutionary fine-tuning, and co-adapted communities, where traits have co-evolved, in terms of emerging biodiversity-productivity, biodiversity-stability and biodiversity-invasion relationships. Community adaptation impacted most BEF relationships, sometimes inverting the slope of the relationship compared to random communities. Biodiversity-productivity relationships were generally less positive among co-adapted communities, with reduced contribution of sampling effects. The effect of community-adaptation, though modest regarding invasion resistance, was striking regarding invasion tolerance: co-adapted communities could remain very tolerant to invasions even at high diversity. BEF relationships are thus contingent on the history of ecosystems and their degree of community adaptation. Short-term experiments and observations following recent changes may not be safely extrapolated into the future, once eco-evolutionary feedbacks have taken place.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1461-023x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2906
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Auteur (up) Auguet, J.C.; Casamayor, E.O.
Titre A hotspot for cold crenarchaeota in the neuston of high mountain lakes Type Article scientifique
Année 2008 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ Microbiol
Volume 10 Numéro 4 Pages 1080-1086
Mots-Clés 16S/genetics Spain *Water Microbiology; Archaeal/genetics RNA; Biodiversity Crenarchaeota/*classification/genetics/*isolation & purification Fresh Water/*microbiology In Situ Hybridization; Fluorescence Indoles Phylogeny RNA; Ribosomal
Résumé We have surveyed the first 1 m of 10 oligotrophic high mountain lakes in the Central Pyrenees (Spain) for both abundance and predominant phylotypes richness of the archaeaplankton assemblage, using CARD-FISH and 16S rRNA gene sequencing respectively. Archaea inhabiting the air-water surface microlayer (neuston) ranged between 3% and 37% of total 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) counts and were mainly Crenarchaeota of a new freshwater cluster distantly related to the Marine Group 1.1a. Conversely, most of the Archaea from the underlying waters (the remaining first 1 m integrated) were mainly Euryarchaeota of three distantly related branches ranging between 0.4% and 27% of total DAPI counts. Therefore, a consistent qualitative and quantitative spatial segregation was observed for the two main archaeal phyla between neuston and underlying waters at a regional scale. We also observed a consistent pattern along the lakes surveyed between lake area, lake depth and water residence time, and the archaeal enrichment in the neuston: the larger the lake the higher the proportion of archaea in the neuston as compared with abundances from the underlying waters (n = 10 lakes; R(2) > 0.80; P < 0.001, in all three cases). This is the first report identifying a widespread non-thermophilic habitat where freshwater planktonic Crenarchaeota can be found naturally enriched. High mountain lakes offer great research opportunities to explore the ecology of one of the most enigmatic and far from being understood group of prokaryotes.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1300
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