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Auteur (up) Chassot, E.; Bonhommeau, S.; Dulvy, N.K.; Melin, F.; Watson, R.; Gascuel, D.; Pape, O.L.
Titre Global marine primary production constrains fisheries catches Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecology Letters
Volume 13 Numéro Pages 495-505
Mots-Clés bottom-up; ecosystem; Fishing; Large; marine; quantile; regression; sustainable
Résumé Primary production must constrain the amount of fish and invertebrates available to expanding fisheries; however the degree of limitation has only been demonstrated at regional scales to date. Here we show that phytoplanktonic primary production, estimated from an ocean-colour satellite (SeaWiFS), is related to global fisheries catches at the scale of Large Marine Ecosystems, while accounting for temperature and ecological factors such as ecosystem size and type, species richness, animal body size, and the degree and nature of fisheries exploitation. Indeed we show that global fisheries catches since 1950 have been increasingly constrained by the amount of primary production. The primary production appropriated by current global fisheries is 17-112% higher than that appropriated by sustainable fisheries. Global primary production appears to be declining, in some part due to climate variability and change, with consequences for the near future fisheries catches.
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ISSN 1461-023x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 61
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Auteur (up) Chevrinais, M.; Jacquet, C.; Cloutier, R.
Titre Early establishment of vertebrate trophic interactions: Food web structure in Middle to Late Devonian fish assemblages with exceptional fossilization Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Bull. Geosci.
Volume 92 Numéro 4 Pages 491-510
Mots-Clés north-america; bottom-up; body-size; predator; top-down; bottom-up control; coordinated stasis; Devonian; digestive contents; ecomorphology; escuminac formation; foraging ecology; fossil fish; fossil record; pahteoecology; prey size relationships; top-down control
Résumé In past and present ecosystems, trophic interactions determine material and energy transfers among species, regulating population dynamics and community stability. Food web studies in past ecosystems are helpful to assess the persistence of ecosystem structure throughout geological times and to explore the existence of general principles of food web assembly. We determined and compared the trophic structure of two Devonian fish assemblages [(1) the Escuminac assemblage (ca. 380 Ma), Miguasha, eastern Canada and (2) the Lode assemblage (ca. 390 Ma), Straupe, Latvia] with a closer look at the Escuminac assemblage. Both localities are representative of Middle to Late Devonian aquatic vertebrate assemblages in terms of taxonomic richness (ca. 20 species), phylogenetic diversity (all major groups of lower vertebrates) and palaeoenvironment (palaeoestuaries). Fossil food web structures were assessed using different kinds of direct (i.e. digestive contents and bite marks in fossils) and indirect (e.g. ecomoiphological measurements, stratigraphic species co-occurrences) indicators. First, the relationships between predator and prey body size established for the Escuminac fishes are comparable to those of recent aquatic ecosystems, highlighting a consistency of aquatic food web structure across geological time. Second, non-metric dimensional scaling on ecomorphological variables and cluster analysis showed a common pattern of functional groups for both fish assemblages; top predators, predators, primary and secondary consumers were identified. We conclude that Devonian communities were organized in multiple trophic levels and that size-based feeding interactions were established early in vertebrate history.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1214-1119 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2251
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Auteur (up) Feuilloley, G.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Stemmann, L.; Demarcq, H.; Estournel, C.; Saraux, C.
Titre Concomitant changes in the environment and small pelagic fish community of the Gulf of Lions Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Prog. Oceanogr.
Volume 186 Numéro Pages 102375
Mots-Clés algorithm; anchovy; Bottom-up control; Chlorophyll-a; circulation; climate; Environmental change; fronts; mediterranean sea; Northwestern Mediterranean Sea; oscillation; planktonic ecosystem; pressure; Small pelagic fish; variability
Résumé An important decrease in small pelagic fish condition and size has been observed in the most productive ecosystem of the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Lions, since 2008, leading to an important fishery crisis. Previous studies suggested bottom-up control to be the most probable cause for these changes. Here, we investigate whether an environmental change might have caused such a situation. In the absence of zooplankton time series, this study aims at describing temporal changes in key abiotic factors for the planktonic and fish production of the Gulf of Lions, such as SST, meso-scale fronts, wind-induced coastal upwelling, river discharge, water stratification and deep convection and then at understanding potential link on Chl-a concentration as well as small pelagic fish populations. Our results indicate that the environmental conditions have broadly changed in the Gulf of Lion, with a major change in the mid-2000s, affecting the Chla concentration (which showed a regime shift in 2007), but also the SST, the upwelling and frontal activities, the Rhone river discharge (and particularly the N and P nutrients inputs) as well as the deep winter convection. Those changes could have affected the plankton production and consequently the small pelagic fish community that displayed similar patterns of variations as the environmental conditions.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000552124300015 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2842
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Auteur (up) Queiros, Q.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Gasset, E.; Dutto, G.; Huiban, C.; Metral, L.; Leclerc, L.; Schull, Q.; McKenzie, D.J.; Saraux, C.
Titre Food in the sea: size also matters for pelagic fish Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Front. Mar. Sci.
Volume 6 Numéro Pages Unsp-385
Mots-Clés anchovy; body condition; bottom-up; bottom-up control; experimentation; feeding-behavior; gulf; lions; mediterranean sea; oxidative stress; respiration rate; Sardina pilchardus; sardine sardina-pilchardus; small pelagics; swimming speed
Résumé Small pelagic fish are key components of marine ecosystems and fisheries worldwide. Despite the absence of recruitment failure and overfishing, pelagic fisheries have been in crisis for a decade in the Western Mediterranean Sea because of a marked decline in sardine size and condition. This situation most probably results from bottom-up control and changes in the plankton community toward smaller plankton. To understand such an unusual phenomenon, we developed an original and innovative experimental approach investigating the mechanisms induced by a reduction in the quantity and size of sardine prey. While experimentations offer the unique opportunity to integrate behavior and ecophysiology in understanding key demographic processes, they remain rarely used in fisheries science, even more so on small pelagics due to the notorious difficulty to handle them. The results revealed that food size (without any modification of its energy content) is as important as food quantity for body condition, growth and reserve lipids: sardines that fed on small particles had to consume twice as much as those feeding on large particles to achieve the same condition and growth. Such a strong impact of food size (based on 100 vs. 1200 mu m pellets) was unexpected and may reflect a different energy cost or gain of two feeding behaviors, filter-feeding vs. particulate-feeding, which would have to be tested in further study. As increasing temperature favors planktonic chains of smaller size, climate change might actually accelerate and amplify such phenomenon and thus strongly affect fisheries.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2609
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Auteur (up) Saraux, C.; Van Beveren, E.; Brosset, P.; Queiros, Q.; Bourdeix, J.-H.; Dutto, G.; Gasset, E.; Jac, C.; Bonhommeau, S.; Fromentin, J.-M.
Titre Small pelagic fish dynamics: A review of mechanisms in the Gulf of Lions Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Deep-Sea Res. Part II-Top. Stud. Oceanogr.
Volume 159 Numéro Pages 52-61
Mots-Clés Population dynamics; Zooplankton; anchovy; fisheries; history; forage fish; nw mediterranean sea; el-nino; fluctuations; body condition; Bottom-up; Disease; Exploited species; Top-down; sardine sardinops-sagax; southern benguela
Résumé Around 2008, an ecosystem shift occurred in the Gulf of Lions, highlighted by considerable changes in biomass and fish mean weight of its two main small pelagic fish stocks (European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus; European sardine, Sardina pilchardus). Surprisingly these changes did not appear to be mediated by a decrease in fish recruitment rates (which remained high) or by a high fishing pressure (exploitation rates being extremely low). Here, we review the current knowledge on the population's dynamics and its potential causes. We used an integrative ecosystem approach exploring alternative hypotheses, ranging from bottom-up to top-down control, not forgetting epizootic diseases. First, the study of multiple population characteristics highlighted a decrease in body condition for both species as well as an important decrease in size resulting from both a slower growth and a progressive disappearance of older sardines. Interestingly, older sardines were more affected by the decrease in condition than younger ones, another sign of an unbalanced population structure. While top-down control by bluefin tuna or dolphins, emigration and disease were mostly discarded as important drivers, bottom-up control mediated by potential changes in the plankton community appeared to play an important role via a decrease in fish energy income and hence growth, condition and size. Isotopic and stomach content analyses indicated a dietary shift pre- and post-2008 and modeled mesozooplankton abundance was directly linked to fish condition. Despite low energy reserves from 2008 onwards, sardines and anchovies maintained if not increased their reproductive investment, likely altering the life-history trade-off between reproduction and survival and resulting in higher natural mortality. The current worrying situation might thus have resulted from changes in plankton availability/diversity, which remains to be thoroughly investigated together with fish phenotypic plasticity.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0967-0645 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2526
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