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Auteur Benedetti, F.; Vogt, M.; Righetti, D.; Guilhaumon, F.; Ayata, S.-D.
Titre Do functional groups of planktonic copepods differ in their ecological niches? Type Article scientifique
Année (up) 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Biogeogr.
Volume 45 Numéro 3 Pages 604-616
Mots-Clés climate-change; copepods; species distribution models; north-atlantic; calanus-finmarchicus; mediterranean sea; environmental niche; functional groups; lipid pump; marine ecosystem; oithona-similis; pseudo-absences; trait biogeography; zooplankton; zooplankton fecal pellets
Résumé Aim: To assess the degree of overlap between the environmental niches of marine planktonic copepods and test if the distribution of copepod functional groups differs across environmental gradients. Location: The Mediterranean Sea. Methods: Functional groups were defined based on clustering of functional traits in 106 marine copepod species using a multivariate ordination analysis. Functional traits included maximum body length, feeding mode, spawning strategy and trophic group. Simultaneously, the global distribution of the species was used to model their environmental niches with six environmental variables. For each of these predictors, four niche parameters were derived from the univariate response curve of each species to summarise their environmental preferences and ordinate the species in niche space through a PCA. Finally, the differences in the position in niche space of functional groups were tested with variance analysis. Results: We identified seven copepod functional groups with different distributions along the environmental gradients covered by our study. While carnivorous functional groups were affiliated with oligotrophic and tropical conditions, large and small current-feeding herbivores are associated with colder, more seasonally varying and productive conditions. Small cruising detritivores and other small current-feeding herbivores were not affiliated with specific conditions as their constituting species were scattered in niche space. Main conclusions: Since copepod functional groups occupy distinct ecological niches, ecosystem processes related to these groups are expected to vary across environmental gradients. Conditions favouring large current-feeding herbivores should allow for enhanced fluxes of energy and nutrients through Mediterranean Sea ecosystems, while such fluxes should be weakened where large carnivores and small passive ambush-feeding copepods dominate. Our study supports the development of trait-based zooplankton functional groups in marine ecosystem models.
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ISSN 0305-0270 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2311
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Auteur Darnaude, A.M.; Hunter, E.
Titre Validation of otolith delta O-18 values as effective natural tags for shelf-scale geolocation of migrating fish Type Article scientifique
Année (up) 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.
Volume 598 Numéro Pages 167-185
Mots-Clés atlantic bluefin tuna; carbon stable-isotopes; cod gadus-morhua; Fish migration; life-history; Natural tag; north-sea plaice; Oxygen; oxygen-isotope fractionation; Plaice; Pleuronectes platessa; pleuronectes-platessa l; population regulation; Site fidelity; Stable isotopes; stock structure; western-australia
Résumé The oxygen isotopic ratio of fish otoliths is increasingly used as a 'natural tag' to assess provenance in migratory species, with the assumption that variations in delta O-18 values closely reflect individual ambient experience of temperature and/or salinity. We employed archival tag data and otoliths collected from a shelf-scale study of the spatial dynamics of North Sea plaice Pleuronectes platessa L., to examine the limits of otolith delta O-18-based geolocation of fish during their annual migrations. Detailed intra-annual otolith delta O-18 measurements for 1997-1999 from individuals of 3 distinct sub-stocks with different spawning locations were compared with delta O-18 values predicted at the monthly, seasonal and annual scales, using predicted sub-stock specific temperatures and salinities over the same years. Spatio-temporal variation in expected delta O-18 values (-0.23 to 2.94%) mainly reflected variation in temperature, and among-zone discrimination potential using otolith delta O-18 varied greatly by temporal scale and by time of year. Measured otolith delta O-18 values (-0.71 to 3.09%) largely mirrored seasonally predicted values, but occasionally fell outside expected delta O-18 ranges. Where mismatches were observed, differences among sub-stocks were consistently greater than predicted, suggesting that in plaice, differential sub-stock growth rates and physiological effects during oxygen fractionation enhance geolocation potential using otolith delta O-18. Comparing intra-annual delta O-18 values over several consecutive years for individuals with contrasted migratory patterns corroborated a high degree of feeding and spawning site fidelity irrespective of the sub-stock. Informed interpretation of otolith delta O-18 values can therefore provide relatively detailed fisheries-relevant data not readily obtained by conventional means.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2377
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Auteur Perry, C.T.; Alvarez-Filip, L.; Graham, N.A.J.; Mumby, P.J.; Wilson, S.K.; Kench, P.S.; Manzello, D.P.; Morgan, K.M.; Slangen, A.B.A.; Thomson, D.P.; Januchowski-Hartley, F.; Smithers, S.G.; Steneck, R.S.; Carlton, R.; Edinger, E.N.; Enochs, I.C.; Estrada-Saldivar, N.; Haywood, M.D.E.; Kolodziej, G.; Murphy, G.N.; Perez-Cervantes, E.; Suchley, A.; Valentino, L.; Boenish, R.; Wilson, M.; Macdonald, C.
Titre Loss of coral reef growth capacity to track future increases in sea level Type Article scientifique
Année (up) 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Nature
Volume 558 Numéro 7710 Pages 396-+
Mots-Clés atlantic; atoll; bioerosion; calcium-carbonate; carbonate production; climate-change; islands; ocean; patterns; rise
Résumé Sea-level rise (SLR) is predicted to elevate water depths above coral reefs and to increase coastal wave exposure as ecological degradation limits vertical reef growth, but projections lack data on interactions between local rates of reef growth and sea level rise. Here we calculate the vertical growth potential of more than 200 tropical western Atlantic and Indian Ocean reefs, and compare these against recent and projected rates of SLR under different Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios. Although many reefs retain accretion rates close to recent SLR trends, few will have the capacity to track SLR projections under RCP4.5 scenarios without sustained ecological recovery, and under RCP8.5 scenarios most reefs are predicted to experience mean water depth increases of more than 0.5 m by 2100. Coral cover strongly predicts reef capacity to track SLR, but threshold cover levels that will be necessary to prevent submergence are well above those observed on most reefs. Urgent action is thus needed to mitigate climate, sea-level and future ecological changes in order to limit the magnitude of future reef submergence.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2378
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Auteur de Almeida Alves-Júnior, F.; de Jesus Feio De Lemos, R.; Azevedo Cardoso, I.; de Sá Leitão Câmara De Araújo, M.; Bertrand, A.; Souza-Filho, J.F.
Titre New records of deep-sea prawn of the genus Gennadas Spence Bate, 1881 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Benthesicymidae) from Southwestern Atlantic Type Article scientifique
Année (up) 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Zootaxa
Volume 4450 Numéro 3 Pages 376-384
Mots-Clés Abracos 2; Brazil; Crustacea; Mar-Eco; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Oceanic Islands
Résumé Here, we report the new occurrences of four deep-water prawn of the genus Gennadas in the southwestern Atlantic: G. gilchristi recorded from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge region; G. capensis recorded from Brazilian waters off Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Atol das Rocas and Ceará Chain; G. talismani and G. scutatus recorded both to Mid-Atlantic Ridge and to Brazilian waters.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1175-5334 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2383
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Auteur Thomas, J.K.; Birceanu, O.; Sadoul, B.; Vijayan, M.M.
Titre Bisphenol A in Eggs Impairs the Long-Term Stress Performance of Rainbow Trout in Two Generations Type Article scientifique
Année (up) 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ. Sci. Technol.
Volume 52 Numéro 14 Pages 7951-7961
Mots-Clés atlantic salmon; fish; growth; impacts; pacific salmon; plasma-cortisol; rats; reproduction; salmon oncorhynchus-gorbuscha; spawning grounds
Résumé Salmonids are ecologically, economically, and culturally important fish species in North America, but whether contaminants in the environment play a role in their population decline is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that bisphenol A (BPA) deposition in eggs, mimicking a maternal transfer scenario, compromises the stress axis functioning and target tissues stress response in two generations of a model salmonid species, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Eggs were enriched with 0, 4, or 40 ng of BPA, fertilized, and reared in clean water for two generations. The fish were subjected to an acute stressor after a year in both generations to test their stress performances. Trout raised from BPA-enriched eggs showed impaired stressor-mediated plasma cortisol and lactate response in the Fl and F2 generations, respectively. Key genes involved in cortisol biosynthesis in the head kidney, as well as stress- and growth-related transcripts in the liver and muscle, were impacted either in the F1 and/or F2 generations. Our results underscore the long-term impact associated with BPA in eggs, mimicking a maternal transfer scenario, on the stress performance of trout in two generations. The results highlight the need for developing novel biomarkers to predict long-term and generational toxicities in salmonids.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0013-936x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2395
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