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Auteur Reygondeau, G.; Guidi, L.; Beaugrand, G.; Henson, S.A.; Koubbi, P.; MacKenzie, B.R.; Sutton, T.T.; Fioroni, M.; Maury, O.
Titre Global biogeochemical provinces of the mesopelagic zone Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Biogeogr.
Volume (down) 45 Numéro 2 Pages 500-514
Mots-Clés community; classification; ecology; ocean; macroecology; biogeography; north-atlantic; export; biogeochemical provinces; environmental division; mesopelagic; objective methodology; Ocean; particle-size; Twilight zone; world
Résumé Aim: Following the biogeographical approach implemented by Longhurst for the epipelagic layer, we propose here to identify a biogeochemical 3-D partition for the mesopelagic layer. The resulting partition characterizes the main deep environmental biotopes and their vertical boundaries on a global scale, which can be used as a geographical and ecological framework for conservation biology, ecosystem-based management and for the design of oceanographic investigations. Location: The global ocean. Methods: Based on the most comprehensive environmental climatology available to date, which is both spatially and vertically resolved (seven environmental parameters), we applied a combination of clustering algorithms (c-means, k-means, partition around medoids and agglomerative with Ward's linkage) associated with a nonparametric environmental model to identify the vertical and spatial delineation of the mesopelagic layer. Results: First, we show via numerical interpretation that the vertical division of the pelagic zone varies and, hence, is not constant throughout the global ocean. Indeed, a latitudinal gradient is found between the epipelagic-mesopelagic and mesopelagic-bathypelagic vertical limits. Second, the mesopelagic layer is shown here to be composed of 13 distinguishable Biogeochemical Provinces. Each province shows a distinct range of environmental conditions and characteristic 3-D distributions. Main conclusions: The historical definition of the mesopelagic zone is here revisited to define a 3-D geographical framework and characterize all the deep environmental biotopes of the deep global ocean. According to the numerical interpretation of mesopelagic boundaries, we reveal that the vertical division of the zone is not constant over the global ocean (200-1,000 m) but varies between ocean basin and with latitude. We also provide evidence of biogeochemical division of the mesopelagic zone that is spatially structured in a similar way than the epipelagic in the shallow waters but varies in the deep owing to a change of the environmental driving factors.
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ISSN 0305-0270 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2287
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Auteur Maugars, G.; Manirafasha, M.-C.; Grousset, E.; Boulo, V.; Lignot, J.-H.
Titre The effects of acute transfer to freshwater on ion transporters of the pharyngeal cavity in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Fish Physiol. Biochem.
Volume (down) 44 Numéro 5 Pages 1393-1408
Mots-Clés atlantic salmon; atpase alpha-1 isoforms; branchial chloride cells; carbonic-anhydrase; Dicentrarchus labrax; gill na+/k+-atpase; Gills and extrabranchial organs; Ion transporters; k+-atpase; mitochondrion-rich cells; Osmoregulation; salinity transfer; salmon salmo-salar; seawater acclimation; Seawater to freshwater transfer; Teleost fish
Résumé Gene expression of key ion transporters (the Na+/K+-ATPase NKA, the Na+, K+-2Cl(-) cotransporter NKCC1, and CFTR) in the gills, opercular inner epithelium, and pseudobranch of European seabass juveniles (Dicentrarchus labrax) were studied after acute transfer up to 4days from seawater (SW) to freshwater (FW). The functional remodeling of these organs was also studied. Handling stress (SW to SW transfer) rapidly induced a transcript level decrease for the three ion transporters in the gills and operculum. NKA and CFTR relative expression level were stable, but in the pseudobranch, NKCC1 transcript levels increased (up to 2.4-fold). Transfer to FW induced even more organ-specific responses. In the gills, a 1.8-fold increase for NKA transcript levels occurs within 4days post transfer with also a general decrease for CFTR and NKCC1. In the operculum, transcript levels are only slightly modified. In the pseudobranch, there is a transient NKCC1 increase followed by 0.6-fold decrease and 0.8-fold CFTR decrease. FW transfer also induced a density decrease for the opercular ionocytes and goblet cells. Therefore, gills and operculum display similar trends in SW-fish but have different responses in FW-transferred fish. Also, the pseudobranch presents contrasting response both in SW and in FW, most probably due to the high density of a cell type that is morphologically and functionally different compared to the typical gill-type ionocyte. This pseudobranch-type ionocyte could be involved in blood acid-base regulation masking a minor osmotic regulatory capacity of this organ compared to the gills.
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ISSN 0920-1742 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2417
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Auteur Iglesias, S.P.; Bergot, P.; Breton, P.; Brunelle, S.; Camusat, M.; Causse, R.; Charbonnel, E.; Chevaldonne, P.; Cordier, Y.; Cosquer, P.; Cuillandre, J.-P.; Curd, A.; Dubas, R.; Duhau, M.; Derrien-Courtel, S.; Devique, G.; Dixneuf, S.; Duhamel, E.; Farque, P.-A.; Francour, P.; Fontana, Y.; Gamon, A.; Gicqueau, C.; Goascoz, N.; Hassani, S.; Jadaud, A.; Kopp, D.; Lamour, L.; Le Bris, S.; Leveque, L.; Liger, P.; Lorance, P.; Louisy, P.; Maran, V.; Mehault, S.; Metral, L.; Morin-Repincay, A.; Mouchel, O.; Pere, A.; Quero, J.-C.; Renoult, J.P.; Roche, F.; Schweyer, L.; Spitz, J.; Thiriet, P.; Thomas, W.
Titre French ichthyological records for 2018 Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Cybium
Volume (down) 44 Numéro 4 Pages 285-307
Mots-Clés 1st records; Distribution; Expansion; First record; fishes; Fishes; galician waters; Mediterranean; New record; Northeastern Atlantic
Résumé Uncommon records of fishes may evidence local or global changes in fish composition resulting from environmental change or anthropogenic activities. Significant records of uncommon marine fishes, including migrant, non-native, cryptic, rare and threatened species, collected in French waters or by French vessels in European waters, observed by scuba divers or beachgoers, are reported for the year 2018. They include first, new, rare and unusual records for the following 52 species: Hexanchus griseus, Squatina squatina, Gymnura altavela, Acipenser sturio, A. gueldenstaedtii, Dalophis imberbis, Nemichthys curvirostris, Eurypharynx pelecanoides, Maulisia mauli, M. microlepis, Sagamichthys schnakenbecki, Melanostomias bartonbeani, Astronesthes niger* , Leptostomias gladiator*, Chlorophthalmus agassizi, Magnisudis atlantica, Evermannella balbo, Regalecus glesne, Luvarus imperialis, Raniceps raninus, Fistularia cf. petimba* , Trigla lyra, Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei, Micrenophrys lilljeborgii, Howella atlantica*, Pomatomus saltatrix, Serranus cabrilla, Caranx crysos, Seriola rivoliana, Trachinotus ovatus, Lobotes surinamensis, Sarpa salpa, Chelon ramada, Pseudoscopelus altipinnis* , Trachinus draco, Parablennius pilicornis, P. ruber, Buenia affinis, B. jeffreysii, Chromogobius zebratus, Didogobius splechtnai, Gammogobius steinitzi, Gobius couchi, G. kolombatovici, Lebetus sp., Speleogobius trigloides , Thorogobius macrolepis, Vanneaugobius dollfusi, Siganus rivulatus* , Lepidocybiumflavobrunneum, Hyperoglyphe sp. et Pegusa cf. nasuta, among which six, marked with an asterisk (*), represent additions to the Checklist of the marine fishes from metropolitan France and one, N. curvirostris, is a first record for the Mediterranean.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0399-0974 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000612473900001 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2987
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Auteur Dalongeville, A.; Andrello, M.; Mouillot, D.; Albouy, C.; Manel, S.
Titre Ecological traits shape genetic diversity patterns across the Mediterranean Sea: a quantitative review on fishes Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Biogeogr.
Volume (down) 43 Numéro 4 Pages 845-857
Mots-Clés atlantic bluefin tuna; bass dicentrarchus-labrax; climate-change; cod gadus-morhua; ecological traits; effective population-size; genetic diversity; gilthead sea; life-history traits; marine fishes; marine populations; Mediterranean Sea; microsatellite markers; microsatellites; mitochondrial; mitochondrial DNA; molecular markers; population genetics
Résumé AimWe set out to identify the determinants of the variation in genetic diversity among fish species and test whether multi-species genetic diversity is randomly distributed in space. LocationMediterranean Sea. MethodsWe collected genetic diversity data from 39 published studies on Mediterranean fishes (31 species) along with the spatial coordinates of the sampling sites. We focused on microsatellite heterozygosity (151 data points) and mitochondrial haplotype diversity (201 data points). We used linear regressions to link genetic diversity and 11 ecological traits. We also tested for spatial autocorrelation and trends in the residuals. ResultsAmong-species variation in microsatellite heterozygosity was explained by three ecological traits: vertical distribution, migration type and body length. Variation in mitochondrial haplotype diversity was also explained by vertical distribution and migration type, and by reproductive strategy (semelparity). However, vertical distribution and migration type showed opposite effects on microsatellites and mitochondrial diversity. After accounting for the effects of ecological traits, no spatial pattern was detected, except for one of the species considered. Main conclusionsEcological factors explain an important proportion of the among-species genetic diversity. These results suggest that life history strategies of the species influence the variation of microsatellite diversity indirectly through their effect on effective population size, while the spatial variations of genetic diversity seem to be too complex to be identified in our analysis. We found very different effects of traits on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA diversity, which can be explained by the specificities of mitochondrial DNA (absence of recombination, maternal inheritance and non-neutrality).
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1627
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Auteur Benedetti, F.; Guilhaumon, F.; Adloff, F.; Ayata, S.-D.
Titre Investigating uncertainties in zooplankton composition shifts under climate change scenarios in the Mediterranean Sea Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecography
Volume (down) 41 Numéro 2 Pages 345-360
Mots-Clés marine biodiversity; species distribution models; north-atlantic; beta diversity; calanoid copepods; ecological-niche; envelope models; habitat-suitability; mass mortality; pseudo-absence data
Résumé Ensemble niche modelling has become a common framework to predict changes in assemblages composition under climate change scenarios. The amount of uncertainty generated by the different components of this framework has rarely been assessed. In the marine realm forecasts have usually focused on taxa representing the top of the marine food-web, thus overlooking their basal component: the plankton. Calibrating environmental niche models at the global scale, we modelled the habitat suitability of 106 copepod species and estimated the dissimilarity between present and future zooplanktonic assemblages in the surface Mediterranean Sea. We identified the patterns (species replacement versus nestedness) driving the predicted dissimilarity, and quantified the relative contributions of different uncertainty sources: environmental niche models, greenhouse gas emission scenarios, circulation model configurations and species prevalence. Our results confirm that the choice of the niche modelling method is the greatest source of uncertainty in habitat suitability projections. Presence-only and presence-absence methods provided different visions of the niches, which subsequently lead to different future scenarios of biodiversity changes. Nestedness with decline in species richness is the pattern driving dissimilarity between present and future copepod assemblages. Our projections contrast with those reported for higher trophic levels, suggesting that different components of the pelagic food-web may respond discordantly to future climatic changes.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0906-7590 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2282
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