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Auteur (up) Duboz, R.; Versmisse, D.; Travers, M.; Ramat, E.; Shin, Y.-J. url  doi
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  Titre Application of an evolutionary algorithm to the inverse parameter estimation of an individual-based model Type Article scientifique
  Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecological Modelling  
  Volume 221 Numéro Pages 840-849  
  Mots-Clés algorithms; and; calibration; ecosystem; estimation; Evolutionary; genetic; Individual-based; marine; model; Parameter  
  Résumé Inverse parameter estimation of individual-based models (IBMs) is a research area which is still in its infancy, in a context where conventional statistical methods are not well suited to confront this type of models with data. In this paper, we propose an original evolutionary algorithm which is designed for the calibration of complex IBMs, i.e. characterized by high stochasticity, parameter uncertainty and numerous non-linear interactions between parameters and model output. Our algorithm corresponds to a variant of the population-based incremental learning (PBIL) genetic algorithm, with a specific “optimal individual” operator. The method is presented in detail and applied to the individual-based model OSMOSE. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated and estimated parameters are compared with an independent manual calibration. The results show that automated and convergent methods for inverse parameter estimation are a significant improvement to existing ad hoc methods for the calibration of IBMs.  
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  ISSN 0304-3800 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 69  
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Auteur (up) Martinez, E.; Gorgues, T.; Lengaigne, M.; Fontana, C.; Sauzede, R.; Menkes, C.; Uitz, J.; Di Lorenzo, E.; Fablet, R. doi  openurl
  Titre Reconstructing Global Chlorophyll-a Variations Using a Non-linear Statistical Approach Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Front. Mar. Sci.  
  Volume 7 Numéro Pages 464  
  Mots-Clés climate; decadel variability; equatorial pacific; general-circulation; global scale; indian-ocean; interannual variability; machine learning; marine primary production; north-atlantic; ocean color algorithms; phytoplankton variability; satellite ocean color; seawifs; tropical pacific  
  Résumé Monitoring the spatio-temporal variations of surface chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl, a proxy of phytoplankton biomass) greatly benefited from the availability of continuous and global ocean color satellite measurements from 1997 onward. These two decades of satellite observations are however still too short to provide a comprehensive description of Chl variations at decadal to multi-decadal timescales. This paper investigates the ability of a machine learning approach (a non-linear statistical approach based on Support Vector Regression, hereafter SVR) to reconstruct global spatio-temporal Chl variations from selected surface oceanic and atmospheric physical parameters. With a limited training period (13 years), we first demonstrate that Chl variability from a 32-years global physical-biogeochemical simulation can generally be skillfully reproduced with a SVR using the model surface variables as input parameters. We then apply the SVR to reconstruct satellite Chl observations using the physical predictors from the above numerical model and show that the Chl reconstructed by this SVR more accurately reproduces some aspects of observed Chl variability and trends compared to the model simulation. This SVR is able to reproduce the main modes of interannual Chl variations depicted by satellite observations in most regions, including El Nino signature in the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. In stark contrast with the trends simulated by the biogeochemical model, it also accurately captures spatial patterns of Chl trends estimated by satellite data, with a Chl increase in most extratropical regions and a Chl decrease in the center of the subtropical gyres, although the amplitude of these trends are underestimated by half. Results from our SVR reconstruction over the entire period (1979-2010) also suggest that the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation drives a significant part of decadal Chl variations in both the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. Overall, this study demonstrates that non-linear statistical reconstructions can be complementary tools to in situ and satellite observations as well as conventional physical-biogeochemical numerical simulations to reconstruct and investigate Chl decadal variability.  
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  Notes WOS:000548192800001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2851  
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