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Auteur Mazurais, D.; Covès, D.; Papandroulakis, N.; Ortega, A.; Desbruyeres, E.; Huelvan, C.; Le Gall, M.M.; de la Gándara, F.; Cahu, C.L. url  doi
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  Titre Gene expression pattern of digestive and antioxidant enzymes during the larval development of reared Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT), Thunnus thynnus L Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquac Res  
  Volume 46 Numéro 10 Pages 2323-2331  
  Mots-Clés antioxidant; development; digestion; expression; gene; Tuna  
  Résumé The aim of this study was to determine whether mortality observed during the larval development of reared bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) could be related to improper expression profiles of key genes involved in digestive or antioxidant response capabilities. Tuna larvae were sampled at hatching, 2, 5, 10, 15 and 20 dph (days post hatching) for the relative quantification of transcripts encoded by genes involved in digestive [trypsinogen 1 (TRYP1), alpha-amylase (AMY), aminopeptidase N (ANPEP)] and antioxidant [catalase (CAT)] functions. The levels of expression of ANPEP related to the development and maturation of intestinal function increased from 5 to 20 dph. Furthermore, AMY and TRYP1 genes, which are pancreatic enzymes implicated in carbohydrate and peptide digestions exhibit a typical peak of expression at 5 and 15 dph respectively. The antioxidant enzyme, CAT, exhibited higher mRNA levels during the first stage of larval development. In conclusion, our investigation indicates that the expression of genes involved in digestive and antioxidant physiological processes followed typical patterns which could not explain high mortality rate observed during the first stage of larval development.  
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  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1365-2109 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1455  
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Auteur Mariani, P.; Křivan, V.; MacKenzie, B.R.; Mullon, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre The migration game in habitat network: the case of tuna Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Theor Ecol  
  Volume 9 Numéro 2 Pages 219-232  
  Mots-Clés Bluefin tuna; Game theory; Habitat selection; Ideal free distribution; Plant Sciences; Structured population; Theoretical Ecology/Statistics; Zoology  
  Résumé Long-distance migration is a widespread process evolved independently in several animal groups in terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Many factors contribute to the migration process and of primary importance are intra-specific competition and seasonality in the resource distribution. Adaptive migration in direction of increasing fitness should lead to the ideal free distribution (IFD) which is the evolutionary stable strategy of the habitat selection game. We introduce a migration game which focuses on migrating dynamics leading to the IFD for age-structured populations and in time varying habitats, where dispersal is costly. The model predicts migration dynamics between these habitats and the corresponding population distribution. When applied to Atlantic bluefin tunas, it predicts their migration routes and their seasonal distribution. The largest biomass is located in the spawning areas which have also the largest diversity in the age-structure. Distant feeding areas are occupied on a seasonal base and often by larger individuals, in agreement with empirical observations. Moreover, we show that only a selected number of migratory routes emerge as those effectively used by tunas.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1874-1738, 1874-1746 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1465  
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Auteur Young, J.W.; Olson, R.J.; Ménard, F.; Kuhnert, P.M.; Duffy, L.M.; Allain, V.; Logan, J.M.; Lorrain, A.; Somes, C.J.; Graham, B.; Goñi, N.; Pethybridge, H.; Simier, M.; Potier, M.; Romanov, E.; Pagendam, D.; Hannides, C.; Choy, C.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Setting the stage for a global-scale trophic analysis of marine top predators: a multi-workshop review Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Rev Fish Biol Fisheries  
  Volume 25 Numéro 1 Pages 261-272  
  Mots-Clés climate change; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Global diet data; Global nitrogen model; Global stable isotope data; Predictive analyses; top predators; Tuna trophic ecology; Zoology  
  Résumé Global-scale studies of marine food webs are rare, despite their necessity for examining and understanding ecosystem level effects of climate variability. Here we review the progress of an international collaboration that compiled regional diet datasets of multiple top predator fishes from the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and developed new statistical methods that can be used to obtain a comprehensive ocean-scale understanding of food webs and climate impacts on marine top predators. We loosely define top predators not as species at the apex of the food web, but rather a guild of large predators near the top of the food web. Specifically, we present a framework for world-wide compilation and analysis of global stomach-contents and stable-isotope data of tunas and other large pelagic predatory fishes. To illustrate the utility of the statistical methods, we show an example using yellowfin tuna in a “test” area in the Pacific Ocean. Stomach-contents data were analyzed using a modified (bagged) classification tree approach, which is being prepared as an R statistical software package. Bulk δ15N values of yellowfin tuna muscle tissue were examined using a Generalized Additive Model, after adjusting for spatial differences in the δ15N values of the baseline primary producers predicted by a global coupled ocean circulation-biogeochemical-isotope model. Both techniques in tandem demonstrated the capacity of this approach to elucidate spatial patterns of variations in both forage species and predator trophic positions and have the potential to predict responses to climate change. We believe this methodology could be extended to all marine top predators. Our results emphasize the necessity for quantitative investigations of global-scale datasets when evaluating changes to the food webs underpinning top ocean predators under long-term climatic variability.  
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  ISSN 0960-3166, 1573-5184 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1263  
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Auteur Baidai, Y.; Dagorn, L.; Amande, M.J.; Gaertner, D.; Capello, M. doi  openurl
  Titre Machine learning for characterizing tropical tuna aggregations under Drifting Fish Aggregating Devices (DFADs) from commercial echosounder buoys data Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Fish Res.  
  Volume 229 Numéro Pages 105613  
  Mots-Clés behavior; classification; communities; Direct abundance indicator; echo-sounder buoys; Echosounder buoys; estimate biomass; fads; Fish aggregating devices; Purse seiner; purse seiners; target strength; temperature; Tropical tunas; yellowfin thunnus-albacares  
  Résumé The use of echosounder buoys deployed in conjunction with Drifting Fish Aggregating Devices (DFADs) has progressively increased in the tropical tuna purse seine fishery since 2010 as a means of improving fishing efficiency. Given the broad distribution of DFADs, the acoustic data provided by echosounder buoys can provide an alternative to the conventional CPUE index for deriving trends on tropical tuna stocks. This study aims to derive reliable indices of presence of tunas (and abundance) using echosounder buoy data. A novel methodology is presented which utilizes random forest classification to translate the acoustic backscatter from the buoys into metrics of tuna presence and abundance. Training datasets were constructed by cross-referencing acoustic data with logbook and observer data which reported activities on DFADs (tuna catches, new deployments and visits of DFADs) in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans from 2013 to 2018. The analysis showed accuracies of 75 and 85 % for the recognition of the presence/absence of tuna aggregations under DFADs in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, respectively. The acoustic data recorded at ocean-specific depths (6-45m in the Atlantic and 30-150m in the Indian Ocean) and periods (4 a.m.-4 p.m.) were identified by the algorithm as the most important explanatory variables for detecting the presence of tuna. The classification of size categories of tuna aggregations showed a global accuracy of nearly 50 % for both oceans. This study constitutes a milestone towards the use of echosounder buoys data for scientific purposes, including the development of promising fisheries-independent indices of abundance for tropical tunas.  
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  Langue (up) English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0165-7836 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000539099200018 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2816  
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Auteur Poisson, F.; Abascal Crespo, F.; Ellis, J.R.; Chavance, P.; Pascal, B.; Santos, M.N.; Seret, B.; Korta, M.; Coelho, R.; Ariz, J.; Murua, H. doi  openurl
  Titre Technical mitigation measures for sharks and rays in fisheries for tuna and tuna-like species: turning possibility into reality Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Living Resour.  
  Volume 29 Numéro 4 Pages 402  
  Mots-Clés at-vessel mortality; Bycatch; california recreational fishery; circle hooks; eastern pacific-ocean; Elasmobranch; great-barrier-reef; j-hook performance; Mitigation; mortality; pelagic; pelagic longline fishery; postrelease survival; Purse seine fishery; rare-earth-metal; tuna regional fishery management organizations  
  Résumé Tuna fisheries have been identified as one of the major threats to populations of other marine vertebrates, including sea turtles, sharks, seabirds and marine mammals. The development of technical mitigation measures (MM) in fisheries is part of the code of conduct for responsible fisheries. An in-depth analysis of the available literature regarding bycatch mitigation in tuna fisheries with special reference to elasmobranchs was undertaken. Studies highlighting promising MMs were reviewed for four tuna fisheries (longline, purse seine, driftnets and gillnet, and rod and line – including recreational fisheries). The advantages and disadvantages of different MMs are discussed and assessed based on current scientific knowledge. Current management measures for sharks and rays in tuna Regional Fishery Management Organizations (t-RFMOs) are presented. A review of relevant studies examining at-vessel and postrelease mortality of elasmobranch bycatch is provided. This review aims to help fisheries managers identify pragmatic solutions to reduce mortality on pelagic elasmobranchs (and other higher vertebrates) whilst minimizing impacts on catches of target tuna species. Recent research efforts have identified several effective MMs that, if endorsed by t-RFMOs, could reduce elasmobranchs mortality rate in international tropical purse seine tuna fisheries. In the case of longline fisheries, the number of operational effective MMs is very limited. Fisheries deploying driftnets in pelagic ecosystems are suspected to have a high elasmobranchs bycatch and their discard survival is uncertain, but no effective MMs have been field validated for these fisheries. The precautionary bans of such gear by the EU and by some t-RFMOs seem therefore appropriate. Recreational tuna fisheries should be accompanied by science-based support to reduce potential negative impacts on shark populations. Priorities for research and management are identified and discussed.  
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  Langue (up) English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0990-7440 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2056  
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