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Auteur Walker, E.; Bez, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre A pioneer validation of a state-space model of vessel trajectories (VMS) with observers' data Type Article scientifique
  Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecological Modelling  
  Volume 221 Numéro Pages 2008-2017  
  Mots-Clés Bayes; data; Markov; model; Monitoring; Observers'; purse-seiners; state-space; Systems; Trajectory; Tropical; tuna; Validation; Vessel; (Vms)  
  Résumé In the context of the expansion of animal tracking and bio-logging, state-space models have been developed with the objective to characterise animals' trajectories and to understand the factors controlling their behaviour. In the fisheries community, the electronic tagging of vessels commonly designated by Vessel Monitoring Systems (VMS) is developing and provides a new insight for the understanding, the analysis and the modelling of the trajectories of vessels and their prospecting behaviour. VMS data are thus a clue for the proper definition of fishing effort which remains a fundamental parameter of tuna stock assessments. In this context, we used the VMS (recording of hourly positions) of the French tropical tuna purse-seiners operating in the Indian Ocean to characterise three types of movement (states) on the VMS trajectories (stillness, tracking, and cruising). Based on empirical evidences, and on the regular frequency of VMS acquisition, this was achieved by the development of a Bayesian Hidden Markov model for the speeds and turning angles derived from the hourly steps of the trajectories. In a second phase, states were related to activities disentangling stillness into fishing or stop at sea. Finally the quality of the model performances was rigorously quantified thanks to observers' data. Confronting model prediction and true activities allowed estimating that 10% of the hourly steps were misclassified. The assumptions and model' choices are discussed, highlighting the fact that VMS data and observers' data having different time resolutions, the effective use of validating data was troublesome. However, without validation, these analyses remain speculative. The validation part of this work represents an important step for the operational use of state-space models in ecology in the broad sense (predators' tracking data, e.g. birds or mammals trajectories).  
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  ISSN 0304-3800 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 112  
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Auteur Guillotreau, P.; Salladarre, F.; Dewals, P.; Dagorn, L. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Fishing tuna around Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) vs free swimming schools : skipper decision and other determining factors Type Article scientifique
  Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée Fisheries Research  
  Volume 109 Numéro 2-3 Pages 234-242  
  Mots-Clés Fish Aggregating Devices; Purse-seine; Skipper effect; tuna  
  Résumé Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) are increasingly used by tuna purse-seine fleets all around the world, modifying the species catch composition. We analyse the determinants of FAD vs free school (FS) fishing, including the skipper effect, and environmental and economic factors. A multivariate and econometric analysis of a panel dataset for the French purse-seine fleet in the Indian Ocean (1980-2007), complemented by a survey of fishers, demonstrates the influential role of climate and prey on FAD fishing and also emphasises individual skipper preference. However, we found that the major determinant of FAD fishing remains the growing fishing capacity (use of bigger vessels, satellite buoys, echo-sounders, supply vessels), thus modifying the species catch composition towards smaller tuna. Other things being equal, raising the proportion of FAD sets by 1% would increase the catches of skipjack by 1.3% and decrease those of large yellowfin tuna by 1.7%. This result shows that the control of effort and investment could be adapted through management measures to encourage one fishing method.  
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  ISSN 0165-7836 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 143  
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Auteur Torres-Irineo, E.; Gaertner, D.; Molina, A.D. de; Ariz, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Effects of time-area closure on tropical tuna purse-seine fleet dynamics through some fishery indicators Type Article scientifique
  Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources  
  Volume 24 Numéro 4 Pages 337-350  
  Mots-Clés Fishery indicators; Fleet dynamics; Time-area closure; Tropical tuna  
  Résumé Time-area closures have become a frequently used tool to control fishing effort and protect feeding and spawning areas. However, because time-area closure strata are mainly based on biological and ecological considerations, and do not accounts for fishermen's behavior-at-sea, this type of regulation tool may not entirely achieve its objectives. With the aim of comparing the impact of two different time-area regulations: (1) a moratorium on Fish Aggregating Devices (FAD) sets (1997-2005) and (2) a no-take area for surface fleets (2005-2010) on the dynamics of the European (EU) tuna purse seine fleet operating in the eastern tropical Atlantic, several fishery indicators were evaluated through a Before-After, Control-Impact (BACI) approach. The results showed that prior to any regulation, the fleet used to be concentrated within the Gulf of Guinea area. During the first years of the moratorium on FAD (from November to January within a large region in the eastern Atlantic) there was a movement towards outside the protected area, increasing the total sets on FAD (restricted fishing activity). In general, this moratorium fulfilled its objectives; however, it was not respected during the last years of this regulation. The no-take time-area closure restricted all tuna catches for the surface fisheries but only in November and within a small area (i.e., the Picolo zone). As a result, there was an increase in activities on free schools outside the no-take area. Our findings suggest the use of some simple fishery indicators to understand fleet dynamics as a complement of ecological information before implementing new time area closures. Furthermore, since tunas are highly mobile species, anticipating the possible re-allocation of effort of purse seiners to adjacent areas in response to the spatial regulation is required to design different candidate time-area closures and to evaluate their effectiveness to protect juvenile tunas.  
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  ISSN 0990-7440 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 163  
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Auteur Fonteneau, A.; Pereira, J.G. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Analysis of the Daily Catch and Effort Data of the Bluefin (Thunnus Thynnus) Algarve Trap Fishery During the Years 1898–1900 Type Article scientifique
  Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources  
  Volume FirstView Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés Bluefin tuna; Daily catches; East Atlantic; Fish behaviour; Fish trap; Historical survey; Portugal; Spawning migration pattern  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 187  
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Auteur Govinden, R.; Jauhary, R.; Filmalter, J.; Forget, F.; Soria, M.; Adam, S.; Dagorn, L. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Movement Behaviour of Skipjack (Katsuwonus Pelamis) and Yellowfin (Thunnus Albacares) Tuna at Anchored Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) in the Maldives, Investigated by Acoustic Telemetry Type Article scientifique
  Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources  
  Volume FirstView Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés Behaviour; Fish Aggregating Devices; Indian Ocean; Passive acoustic telemetry; skipjack tuna; Yellowfin tuna  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 193  
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