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Auteur Amandé, M.; Ariz, J.; Chassot, E.; Molina, A.D. de; Gaertner, D.; Murua, H.; Pianet, R.; Ruiz, J.; Chavance, P.
Titre Bycatch of the European purse seine tuna fishery in the Atlantic Ocean for the 2003-2007 period Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources
Volume 23 Numéro 4 Pages 353-362
Mots-Clés atlantic Ocean; Bycatch; discards; Purse seining; Tuna fisheries
Résumé Bycatch of several groups of species and their characteristics are presented for the period 2003 to 2007 for the European purse seine tuna fishery operating in the Atlantic Ocean. Data were collected through French and Spanish observer programmes and represented a total of 27 trips corresponding to 2.9% coverage. Bycatch is defined as non-targeted species and small or damaged target species. Bycatch species composition, main species length, sex ratio and the fate of the most common species are presented first. Stratified ratios relative to landings of major commercial tunas were then used to estimate the total bycatch; these ratios were considered the most appropriate variable for extrapolation. Stratification was based on the fishing mode (free school vs. floating object), season (quarters) and spatial areas. The annual average bycatch was estimated at about 6400 t, corresponding to a mean annual value of 80.8 t per 1000 t of tuna landed or 7.5% of the total catch. Tunas represent 83% (67.2 t/1000 t) of the total bycatch, followed by other bony fishes (10%, 7.8 t/1000 t), billfishes (5%, 4.0 t/1000 t), sharks (1%, 0.9 t/1000 t) and rays (1%, 0.9 t/1000 t). Based on estimates of the annual bycatch, 16% was kept on board and sold in local markets.
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ISSN (up) 0990-7440 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 56
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Auteur Gaertner, D.
Titre Estimates of historic changes in total mortality and selectivity for Eastern Atlantic skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) from length composition data Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources
Volume 23 Numéro Pages 3-11
Mots-Clés analysis; Bayesian; change-point; Fad; Fishing; Mortality; rate; Skipjack; strategies; tuna
Résumé Catch-at-size data of the eastern Atlantic skipjack were used to estimate changes in total mortality from 1969 to 2007. We used a transitional model of mean length that generalized the Beverton-Holt mortality estimator to allow change in mortality rate under nonequilibrium conditions. Then, from homogeneous periods of time, length-converted catch curves were used to access qualitative changes in selectivity patterns for two surface fisheries (the baitboat fishery operating from Dakar, Senegal, and the European and associated purse seine fisheries). To explore the impact of catch on the mortality rate, a Bayesian change-point analysis was conducted on the catch time series to detect concomitant variation between mortality rates and catch. Finally, potential causes of these changes are discussed in relation to the implementation of new fishing technology, such fish aggregating devices (FAD). The general pattern depicted by total mortality is in agreement with previous knowledge on this fishery: a state of complete or practically complete exploitation during the nineties followed by the decrease in nominal purse seine fishing effort in the last decade, combined with the effect of a seasonal moratorium on FAD fishing operations. There was no evidence of a change in selectivity between the two contrasted periods of time considered: 1969-1979 and 1986-1999; the second period being characterized by the introduction of new technology onboard vessels. In contrast, the covariation over time between total catch and mortality rate three years later highlights the effect of the fishing pressure on the stock of eastern Atlantic skipjack.
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 74
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Auteur Nikolic, N.; Lauretta, M.; Patucca, A.; Morandeau, G.
Titre Characterization and standardization of the Atlantic albacore French pelagic trawl fishery Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 31 Numéro Pages 31
Mots-Clés Albacore; Atlantic; behavior; catch; catch rates; fisheries; habitat; migration; north pacific albacore; ocean; stock; thunnus-alalunga; trawl; tuna
Résumé We compiled and analysed logbook data from the French trawl albacore fishery covering the period 1991-2015. The dataset comprised catch and effort data for the French fleet operating in the Bay of Biscay and Celtic Sea, as well as spatiotemporal and gear characteristics. Generalized linear modelling was used to model spatial, seasonal, environmental, and gear covariates of fleet CPUE rates. A long-term index of relative abundance is provided that can be integrated into the stock assessment of North Atlantic albacore. The analysis revealed higher albacore CPUE associated with relatively low sea surface temperature and distinct seasonal effects. The derived abundance trend for the French trawl fishery agreed with the estimated time series of stock abundance from recent assessments.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2426
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Auteur Torres-Irineo, E.; Gaertner, D.; Molina, A.D. de; Ariz, J.
Titre Effects of time-area closure on tropical tuna purse-seine fleet dynamics through some fishery indicators Type Article scientifique
Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources
Volume 24 Numéro 4 Pages 337-350
Mots-Clés Fishery indicators; Fleet dynamics; Time-area closure; Tropical tuna
Résumé Time-area closures have become a frequently used tool to control fishing effort and protect feeding and spawning areas. However, because time-area closure strata are mainly based on biological and ecological considerations, and do not accounts for fishermen's behavior-at-sea, this type of regulation tool may not entirely achieve its objectives. With the aim of comparing the impact of two different time-area regulations: (1) a moratorium on Fish Aggregating Devices (FAD) sets (1997-2005) and (2) a no-take area for surface fleets (2005-2010) on the dynamics of the European (EU) tuna purse seine fleet operating in the eastern tropical Atlantic, several fishery indicators were evaluated through a Before-After, Control-Impact (BACI) approach. The results showed that prior to any regulation, the fleet used to be concentrated within the Gulf of Guinea area. During the first years of the moratorium on FAD (from November to January within a large region in the eastern Atlantic) there was a movement towards outside the protected area, increasing the total sets on FAD (restricted fishing activity). In general, this moratorium fulfilled its objectives; however, it was not respected during the last years of this regulation. The no-take time-area closure restricted all tuna catches for the surface fisheries but only in November and within a small area (i.e., the Picolo zone). As a result, there was an increase in activities on free schools outside the no-take area. Our findings suggest the use of some simple fishery indicators to understand fleet dynamics as a complement of ecological information before implementing new time area closures. Furthermore, since tunas are highly mobile species, anticipating the possible re-allocation of effort of purse seiners to adjacent areas in response to the spatial regulation is required to design different candidate time-area closures and to evaluate their effectiveness to protect juvenile tunas.
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 163
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Auteur Walker, E.; Rivoirard, J.; Gaspar, P.; Bez, N.
Titre From forager tracks to prey distributions: an application to tuna vessel monitoring systems (VMS) Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Ecological Applications Revue Abrégée
Volume 25 Numéro 3 Pages 826-833
Mots-Clés Gps; multivariate geostatistics; presence index; spatiotemporal distribution; trajectometry; Tropical tuna; vessel monitoring system (VMS)
Résumé In the open ocean, movements of migratory fish populations are typically surveyed using tagging methods that are subject to low sample sizes for archive tags, except for a few notable examples, and poor temporal resolution for conventional tags. Alternatively, one can infer patterns of movement of migratory fish by tracking movements of their predators, i.e., fishing vessels, whose navigational systems (e.g., GPS) provide accurate and frequent VMS (vessel monitoring system) records of movement in pursuit of prey. In this paper, we develop a state-space model that infers the foraging activities of fishing vessels from their tracks. Second, we link foraging activities to probabilities of tuna presence. Finally, using multivariate geostatistical interpolation (cokriging) we map the probability of tuna presence together with their estimation variances and produce a time series of indices of abundance. While the segmentation of the trajectories is validated by observers' data, the present VMS-index is compared to catch rate and proved to be useful for management perspectives. The approach reported in this manuscript extends beyond the case study considered. It can be applied to any foragers that engage in an attempt of capture when they see prey and for whom this attempt is linked to a tractable change in behavior.
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ISSN (up) 1051-0761 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1116
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