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Auteur (up) Alfonso, S.; Peyrafort, M.; Cousin, X.; Begout, M.-L.
Titre Zebrafish Danio rerio shows behavioural cross-context consistency at larval and juvenile stages but no consistency between stages Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Fish Biol.
Volume Numéro Pages
Mots-Clés boldness; coping style; european sea-bass; fish; indicators; ontogeny; personality; population; rainbow-trout; stress-coping styles; temperament; vital staining
Résumé Coping style is defined as a set of individual physiological and behavioural characteristics that are consistent across time and context. In the zebrafish Danio rerio, as well as in many other animals, several covariations have been established among behavioural, physiological and molecular responses. Nonetheless, not many studies have addressed the consistency in behavioural responses over time starting at the larval stage. Therefore, this study aimed to improve the understanding of behavioural consistency across contexts and over time in zebrafish from the larval to juvenile stages. Two distinct experiments were conducted: a larval stage experiment (from 8 to 21 days post fertilization, dpf) and a juvenile stage experiment (from 21 to 60 dpf). On one hand, the larval experiment allows to focus on the transition between 8 and 21 dpf, marked by significant morphological changes related to the end of larval stage and initiation of metamorphosis. On the other hand, the juvenile experiment allows to properly cover the period extending from the end of larval stage to the juvenile stage (60 dpf), including metamorphosis which is itself completed around 45 dpf. Within each experiment, boldness was determined using a group risk-taking test to identify bold and shy individuals. A novel environment test was then performed at the same age to evaluate consistency across contexts. Groups of fish (either bold or shy) were bathed in an alizarin red S solution for later identification of their initially determined coping style to evaluate behavioural consistency over time. Fish were then reared under common garden conditions and challenged again with the same behavioural tests at a later age (21 and 60 dpf in the larval and juvenile experiments, respectively). Behavioural consistency was observed across contexts, with bold fish being more active and expressing higher thigmotaxis regardless of age. There was, however, little behavioural consistency over age, suggesting behavioural plasticity during development. Moreover, the use of alizarin red S to conduct this experiment provides new perspectives for the further study of the longitudinal evolution of various traits, including behaviour, over life stages in fish.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0022-1112 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000522539400001 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2746
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Auteur (up) Alfonso, S.; Sadoul, B.; Cousin, X.; Begout, M.-L.
Titre Spatial distribution and activity patterns as welfare indicators in response to water quality changes in European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci.
Volume 226 Numéro Pages Unsp-104974
Mots-Clés ammonia toxicity; atlantic salmon; avoidance-behavior; behavioral-responses; Behaviour; current issues; Fish; hyperoxia; hypoxia tolerance; marine fish; rainbow-trout; Stress; stress-response; Water quality; Welfare
Résumé In aquaculture, fish are exposed to unavoidable stressors that can be detrimental for their health and welfare. However, welfare in farmed fish can be difficult to assess, and, so far, no standardized test has been universally accepted as a welfare indicator. This work contributes to the establishment of behavioural welfare indicators in a marine teleost in response to different water quality acute stressors. Groups of ten fish were exposed to high Total Ammonia Nitrogen concentration (High TAN, 18 mg.L-1), Hyperoxia (200 % O-2 saturation), Hypoxia (20 % O-2 saturation), or control water quality (100% O-2 saturation and TAN < 2.5 mg.L-1) over 1 hour. Fish were then transferred in a novel environment for a group behaviour test under the same water quality conditions over 2 hours. Videos were recorded to assess thigmotaxis, activity and group cohesion. After this challenge, plasma cortisol concentration was measured in a subsample, while individual behavioural response was measured in the other fish using novel tank diving test. Prior to this study, the novel tank diving test was validated as a behavioural challenge indicative of anxiety state, by using nicotine as anxiolytic drug. Overall, all stress conditions induced a decrease in activity and thigmotaxis and changes in group cohesion while only fish exposed to Hypoxia and High TAN conditions displayed elevated plasma cortisol concentrations. In post-stress condition, activity was still affected but normal behaviour was recovered within the 25 minutes of the test duration. Our work suggests that the activity, thigmotaxis and group cohesion are good behavioural indicators of exposure to degraded water quality, and could be used as standardized measures to assess fish welfare.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0168-1591 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000531095400002 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2794
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Auteur (up) BLANCHETON, J.-P.; D'ORBCAS℡, E.R.O.Q.U.E.; LEMARIE, G.; BREUIL, G.; PETOCHI, T.; MARINO, G.; TRIPLET, S.; DUTTO, G.; FIVELSTAD, S.; COEURDACIER, J.-L.
Titre Effects of rearing density on sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) biological performance, blood parameters and disease resistance in a flow through system Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources
Volume 23 Numéro 1 Pages 109-117
Mots-Clés Flow through system; Rearing density; Sea bass; Stress; Water quality
Résumé During 84 days, the effects of density on juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) (76 +/- 16 g) were studied in an experimental tank-based flow through system. Performance, stress response and resistance to virus infection were analysed under five stabilized rearing densities: 10, 20, 40, 70 and 100 kg m(-3). Water quality parameters (CO2, total ammonia nitrogen and O-2) were measured and maintained close to the recommended values for farmed sea bass by adjusting water renewal exchange. No significant differences were observed between density treatments, neither on stress response (cortisol) nor susceptibility to nodavirus. With regards to biological performances, the daily feed intake and specific growth rate were significantly lower in fish reared at the 100 kg m(-3) density. Results on the effects of density in sea bass reared in flow through (present study) and in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) (Sammouth et al. 2009) were compared as a contribution to the identification of density not affecting health and welfare in farmed sea bass.
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Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0990-7440 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 59
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Auteur (up) Chong-Robles, J.; Charmantier, G.; Boulo, V.; Lizárraga-Valdéz, J.; Enríquez-Paredes, L.M.; Giffard-Mena, I.
Titre Osmoregulation pattern and salinity tolerance of the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) during post-embryonic development Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume 422–423 Numéro Pages 261-267
Mots-Clés Crustacean; Hypo–hyper osmoregulation; Larvae; Osmotic pressure; Osmotic stress; survival
Résumé
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ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 756
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Auteur (up) Eckbo, N.; Le Bohec, C.; Planas-Bielsa, V.; Warner, N.A.; Schull, Q.; Herzke, D.; Zahn, S.; Haarr, A.; Gabrielsen, G.W.; Borga, K.
Titre Individual variability in contaminants and physiological status in a resident Arctic seabird species Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ. Pollut.
Volume 249 Numéro Pages 191-199
Mots-Clés Black guillemot; black guillemots; eggs; mercury; organochlorines; Oxidative stress; persistent organic pollutants; Polar regions; Pollutants; Seabirds; stable-isotopes; stress; telomere length; Telomeres; temporal trends; trophic relationships
Résumé While migratory seabirds dominate ecotoxicological studies within the Arctic, there is limited knowledge about exposure and potential effects from circulating legacy and emerging contaminants in species who reside in the high-Arctic all year round. Here, we focus on the case of the Mandt's Black guillemot (Cepphus grylle mandril) breeding at Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79.00 degrees N, 11.66 degrees E) and investigate exposure to legacy and emerging contaminants in relation to individual physiological status, i.e. body condition, oxidative stress and relative telomere length. Despite its benthic-inshore foraging strategy, the Black guillemot displayed overall similar contaminant concentrations in blood during incubation (Sigma PCB11(15.7 ng/g w.w.) > Sigma PFAS(5) (9.9 ng/g w.w.)> Sigma Pesticides(9) (6.7 ng/g w.w.) > Sigma PBDE4 (2.7 ng/g w.w.), and Hg (0.3 mu g/g d.w.) compared to an Arctic migratory seabird in which several contaminant-related stress responses have been observed. Black guillemots in poorer condition tended to display higher levels of contaminants, higher levels of reactive oxygen metabolites, lower plasmatic antioxidant capacity, and shorter telomere lengths; however the low sample size restrict any strong conclusions. Nevertheless, our data suggests that nonlinear relationships with a threshold may exist between accumulated contaminant concentrations and physiological status of the birds. These findings were used to build a hypothesis to be applied in future modelling for describing how chronic exposure to contaminants may be linked to telomere dynamics. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0269-7491 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000471081300021 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2607
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