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Auteur Alfonso, S.; Blanc, M.; Joassard, L.; Keiter, S.H.; Munschy, C.; Loizeau, V.; Begout, M.-L.; Cousin, X. doi  openurl
  Titre Examining multi- and transgenerational behavioral and molecular alterations resulting from parental exposure to an environmental PCB and PBDE mixture Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Toxicol.  
  Volume 208 Numéro Pages 29-38  
  Mots-Clés adult zebrafish; Behavior; brominated flame retardants; developmental exposure; dietary-exposure; embryonic exposure; Epigenetic; Gene transcription; global dna methylation; left-right asymmetry; Offspring; Parental exposure; polybrominated diphenyl ethers; polychlorinated-biphenyls pcbs; Zebrafish; zebrafish danio-rerio  
  Résumé Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent organic pollutants extensively used during the 20th century and still present in aquatic environments despite their ban. Effects of exposure to these compounds over generations are poorly documented. Therefore, our aims were to characterize behavioral responses and underlying molecular mechanisms in zebrafish exposed to an environmentally relevant mixture of PCBs and PBDEs as well as in four unexposed offspring generations. Zebrafish (F0) were chronically exposed from the first meal onward to a diet spiked with a mixture containing 22 PCB and 7 PBDE congeners in proportions and concentrations reflecting environmental situations (Sigma PCBs = 1991 and Sigma PBDEs = 411 ng/g). Four offspring generations (F1 to F4) were obtained from this F0 and were not further exposed. Behavior was assessed at both larval and adult stages. Mechanisms related to behavioral defects (habenula maturation and c-fos transcription) and methylation (dnmts transcription) were monitored in larvae. Exposed adult F0 as well as F1 and F3 adults displayed no behavioral change while F2 expressed anxiety-like behavior. Larval behavior was also disrupted, Le. hyperactive after light to dark transition in F1 or hypoactive in F2, F3 and F4. Behavioral disruptions may be related to defect in habenula maturation (observed in F1) and change in c-fos transcription (observed in F1 and F2). Transcription of the gene encoding DNA methyltransferase (dnmt3ba) was also modified in all generations. Our results lead us to hypothesize that chronic dietary exposure to an environmentally relevant mixture of PCB and PBDE triggers multigenerational and transgenerational molecular and behavioral disruptions in a vertebrate model.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0166-445x ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2549  
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Auteur BAUER, R.; Graewe, U.; Stepputtis, D.; Zimmermann, C.; Hammer, C. url  openurl
  Titre Identifying the location and importance of spawning sites of Western Baltic herring using a particle backtracking model Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal Of Marine Science  
  Volume 71 Numéro 3 Pages 499-509  
  Mots-Clés backtracking; Baltic Sea; Clupea harengus; hatching sites; lagoon; larval transport; spring spawning  
  Résumé The recruitment success of some herring stocks fluctuates strongly, and apparently, success is often already determined during the early life stages, i.e. before metamorphosis. In studying the survival of early life stages and its affecting factors, particularly those during the egg stage, it is crucial to examine the processes at the spawning sites, which often cannot be explored directly. A recent decline in the recruitment of Western Baltic spring-spawning herring (WBSSH) increases the urgency of filling the knowledge gap for this stock, especially because one bottleneck in the recruitment seems to occur before hatching. We examined the successful 20032009 spawning sites of WBSSH in the main spawning ground, the Greifswalder Bodden lagoon. Instead of using common techniques such as diving or underwater videography, which are usually unsuitable for mapping large areas, we applied a model approach. We tracked herring larvae at length 610 mm, recorded by larval surveys during MarchJune of the respective years, back to their hatching sites using a Lagrangian particle backtracking model. We compared the spawning areas identified by the model with the results of earlier field studies; however, we also analysed variations between years, larval length groups, and different applied growth models, which are needed to define hatch-dates. Although spawning sites could not be identified with high precision because of the strong diffusion in the area studied, results indicate that larvae up to 10 mm length are caught near their hatching sites. However, the location of successful spawning sites varied largely between years, with the main hatching sites situated in the Strelasund and the eastern entrance of the lagoon. This may reflect variations in spawning-site selection or quality. A better knowledge of the locations and relative importance of, and the processes occurring on, the different spawning sites will provide an important contribution to the sustainable management of this commercially valuable herring stock.  
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  ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1136  
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Auteur Bauer, R.K.; Stepputtis, D.; Gräwe, U.; Zimmermann, C.; Hammer, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Wind-induced variability in coastal larval retention areas: a case study on Western Baltic spring-spawning herring Type Article scientifique
  Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Fisheries Oceanography  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés atmospheric forcing; Baltic Sea; biophysical modelling; Greifswalder Bodden; herring; larval retention; recruitment; spring spawners  
  Résumé The investigation of larval dispersal and retention, their variability and dependence on wind conditions, has become a major topic in fisheries research owing to potential effects on stock recruitment and stock structuring. The present study quantifies the wind-induced variability of larval retention of herring in a highly productive coastal lagoon of the Western Baltic Sea. This lagoon, the Greifswalder Bodden, represents the main spawning area of Western Baltic Spring-Spawning Herring, a stock that has recently undergone a continuous decline in recruitment. The study tests whether this decline was related to changes in larval retention, more precisely to changes in wind conditions, the main forcing of the lagoon's circulation. To answer this, a model approach was applied. Larvae were tracked as Lagrangian drifters under constant and variable wind conditions, examining the main drift patterns and reconstructing the incidents during the period of recruitment decline. For the latter, weekly cohorts of virtual larvae were released in the lagoon over the entire spawning period (April–June; \textgreater16 weeks). The fraction of retained larvae per cohort was related to observed larval abundances. On this basis, a new retention index was defined to evaluate the annual larval retention. The results presented cannot explain the observed recruitment decline but characterize the lagoon as an important larval retention area by virtue of unsteady wind conditions that prevent a steady outflow of larvae.  
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  ISSN 1365-2419 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 255  
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Auteur M'Rabet, C.; Yahia, O.K.-D.; Couet, D.; Gueroun, S.K.M.; Pringault, O. doi  openurl
  Titre Consequences of a contaminant mixture of bisphenol A (BPA) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), two plastic-derived chemicals, on the diversity of coastal phytoplankton Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pollut. Bull.  
  Volume 138 Numéro Pages 385-396  
  Mots-Clés Phytoplankton; water; bizerte lagoon; marine-phytoplankton; organic pollutants; surface sediments; Bisphenol a; cell-size; Coastal ecosystems; degradation; di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate; di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate; endocrine-disrupting chemicals; esters; Spring; Summer  
  Résumé To assess the impact of two plastic derived chemicals: bisphenol A (BPA) and the di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), on phytoplankton biomass and community structure, microcosm incubations were performed during spring and summer, with offshore and lagoon waters of a south-western Mediterranean ecosystem. Phytoplankton were exposed to an artificial mixture of BPA and DEHP and to marine water previously enriched with plastic-derivative compounds, originated from in situ water incubations of plastic debris for 30 days. After 96 h of incubation, changes were observed in phytoplankton biomass in the contaminated microcosms, with a net decrease (up to 50% of the control) in the concentration of Chlorophyll a in offshore waters. Concomitantly, plastic-derivative contamination provoked structural changes, especially for offshore waters. This suggests a relative tolerance of the lagoon communities to BPA and DEHP contamination, related to the dominance of Chaetoceros spp., which could potentially be used as a bioindicator in bioassessment studies.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium  
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  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2524  
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Auteur Rouyer, T.; Ottersen, G.; Durant, J.M.; Hidalgo, M.; Hjermann, D.Ø.; Persson, J.; Stige, L.C.; Stenseth, N.C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Shifting dynamic forces in fish stock fluctuations triggered by age truncation? Type Article scientifique
  Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée Global Change Biology  
  Volume 17 Numéro 10 Pages 3046-3057  
  Mots-Clés age truncation; effects of exploitation; Northeast Arctic cod; Norwegian spring spawning herring; response to climate  
  Résumé Accumulating evidence shows that environmental fluctuations and exploitation jointly affect marine fish populations, and understanding their interaction is a key issue for fisheries ecology. In particular, it has been proposed that age truncation induced by fisheries exploitation may increase the population's sensitivity to climate. In this study, we use unique long-term abundance data for the Northeast Arctic stock of cod (Gadus morhua) and the Norwegian Spring-Spawning stock of herring (Clupea harengus), which we analyze using techniques based on age-structured population matrices. After identifying time periods with different age distributions in the spawning stock, we use linear models to quantify the relative effect of exploitation and temperature on the population growth rates. For the two populations, age truncation was found to be associated with an increasing importance of temperature and a relatively decreasing importance of exploitation, while the population growth rate became increasingly sensitive to recruitment variations. The results suggested that the removal of older age classes reduced the buffering capacity of the population, thereby making the population growth rate more dependent on recruitment than adult survival and increasing the effect of environmental fluctuations. Age structure appeared as a key characteristic that can affect the response of fish stocks to climate variations and its consequences may be of key importance for conservation and management.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1365-2486 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1668  
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