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Auteur (up) Bonnin, L.; Lett, C.; Dagorn, L.; Filmalter, J.D.; Forget, F.; Verley, P.; Capello, M. doi  openurl
  Titre Can drifting objects drive the movements of a vulnerable pelagic shark? Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Conserv.-Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst.  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés aggregating devices fads; behavior; bycatch; carcharhinus-falciformis; fish aggregating devices; Lagrangian drift model; near-surface currents; ocean; pop-up satellite archival telemetry; postrelease survival; purse seine fishery; silky shark; tropical tuna; vulnerability; yellowfin thunnus-albacares  
  Résumé Juvenile silky sharks (Carcharhinus falciformis)regularly associate with floating objects yet the reasons driving this behaviour remain uncertain. Understanding the proportion of time that silky sharks spend associated with floating objects is essential for assessing the impacts of the extensive use of fish aggregating devices (FADs) in the tropical tuna purse-seine fisheries, including increased probability of incidental capture and the potential of an ecological trap. Previous studies provided insight into the amount of time that silky sharks spent at an individual FAD but were unable to assess neither the time spent between two associations nor the proportion of time spent associated/unassociated. The percentage of time that juvenile silky sharks spend unassociated with floating objects was estimated through the analysis of horizontal movements of 26 silky sharks monitored with pop-up archival tags. Under the assumption that a high association rate with drifting FADs would align the trajectories of tracked sharks with ocean surface currents, a novel methodology is proposed, based on the comparison of shark trajectories with simulated trajectories of passively drifting particles derived using a Lagrangian model. Results revealed that silky shark trajectories were divergent from surface currents, and thus unassociated with FADs, for at least 30% of their time. The potential of the methodology and the results are discussed in the context of increasing FAD densities in the Indian Ocean.  
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  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1052-7613 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000560611000001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2864  
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Auteur (up) Lezama-Ochoa, N.; Murua, H.; Chust, G.; Ruiz, J.; Chavance, P.; Molina, A.D. de; Caballero, A.; Sancristobal, I. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Biodiversity in the by-catch communities of the pelagic ecosystem in the Western Indian Ocean Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Biodivers Conserv  
  Volume 24 Numéro 11 Pages 2647-2671  
  Mots-Clés By-catch; Diversity; Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management; Evolutionary Biology; Plant Sciences; Purse seine fishery; Tree Biology; Western Indian Ocean  
  Résumé Diversity in the by-catch communities from the pelagic ecosystem in the tropical tuna purse seine fishery has been poorly studied. This study uses different biodiversity measures to compare drifting fish aggregating devices (FADs) and Free School sets (sets made on schools of tuna) of the Western Indian Ocean. Data was collected from observer programs carried out by the European Union between 2003 and 2010 on board Spanish and French fleets. Alpha (species diversity of a particular area) and Beta diversity (difference in species composition between different areas) was analyzed to assess differences in the number of species, abundances and the species composition between areas and fishing modes. Generalized additive models were undertaken to explore which geographical/environmental variables explain the distribution of species richness index and Shannon diversity index in both fishing modes. Results showed that by-catch species in FAD communities may be used as observatories of surface pelagic biodiversity in combination with Free School communities. FAD communities were more diverse with higher number of species (74 species) and evenly distributed than Free School communities (56 species). However, environmental variables played a more important role in Free School communities. Somalia area and Mozambique Channel were the areas with highest biodiversity rates in both fishing modes. This work contributed for the future implementation of the EAFM to manage the pelagic ecosystem in a holistic and more integrated way.  
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  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0960-3115, 1572-9710 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1422  
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Auteur (up) Poisson, F.; Abascal Crespo, F.; Ellis, J.R.; Chavance, P.; Pascal, B.; Santos, M.N.; Seret, B.; Korta, M.; Coelho, R.; Ariz, J.; Murua, H. doi  openurl
  Titre Technical mitigation measures for sharks and rays in fisheries for tuna and tuna-like species: turning possibility into reality Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Living Resour.  
  Volume 29 Numéro 4 Pages 402  
  Mots-Clés at-vessel mortality; Bycatch; california recreational fishery; circle hooks; eastern pacific-ocean; Elasmobranch; great-barrier-reef; j-hook performance; Mitigation; mortality; pelagic; pelagic longline fishery; postrelease survival; Purse seine fishery; rare-earth-metal; tuna regional fishery management organizations  
  Résumé Tuna fisheries have been identified as one of the major threats to populations of other marine vertebrates, including sea turtles, sharks, seabirds and marine mammals. The development of technical mitigation measures (MM) in fisheries is part of the code of conduct for responsible fisheries. An in-depth analysis of the available literature regarding bycatch mitigation in tuna fisheries with special reference to elasmobranchs was undertaken. Studies highlighting promising MMs were reviewed for four tuna fisheries (longline, purse seine, driftnets and gillnet, and rod and line – including recreational fisheries). The advantages and disadvantages of different MMs are discussed and assessed based on current scientific knowledge. Current management measures for sharks and rays in tuna Regional Fishery Management Organizations (t-RFMOs) are presented. A review of relevant studies examining at-vessel and postrelease mortality of elasmobranch bycatch is provided. This review aims to help fisheries managers identify pragmatic solutions to reduce mortality on pelagic elasmobranchs (and other higher vertebrates) whilst minimizing impacts on catches of target tuna species. Recent research efforts have identified several effective MMs that, if endorsed by t-RFMOs, could reduce elasmobranchs mortality rate in international tropical purse seine tuna fisheries. In the case of longline fisheries, the number of operational effective MMs is very limited. Fisheries deploying driftnets in pelagic ecosystems are suspected to have a high elasmobranchs bycatch and their discard survival is uncertain, but no effective MMs have been field validated for these fisheries. The precautionary bans of such gear by the EU and by some t-RFMOs seem therefore appropriate. Recreational tuna fisheries should be accompanied by science-based support to reduce potential negative impacts on shark populations. Priorities for research and management are identified and discussed.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0990-7440 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2056  
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