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Auteur Boukef, I.; Bejaoui, B.; Hassan, M.B.; Mraouna, R.; Got, P.; Harzallah, A.; Elbour, M.
Titre Spatial distribution and decay rates of coliforms in the sediments and water column of the bizerte lagoon Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Vie Milieu
Volume 62 Numéro 1 Pages 29-36
Mots-Clés bizerte lagoon; coastal waters; contamination; environmental-conditions; escherichia coli decay; estuarine; fecal indicator bacteria; pathogenic bacteria; pollution; recreational waters; seasonal survey; seawater; sunlight; sunlight inactivation; total coliform
Résumé In order to assess the impact of bacterial input loads in Bizerte lagoon (Northern Tunisia), a seasonal survey was done for total coliform bacteria covering the whole lagoon area, to reproduce and prevent dispersion of input loads of terrestrial discharges in the lagoon. Effect of solar radiation on Escherichia coli strains was investigated using seawater microcosms comparatively exposed to sunlight and dark conditions. The results revealed (i) high charges of coliforms in the sediment rather than in the water column, (ii) total coliforms increased periodically with season in both compartments, (iii) anthropogenic discharges influence coastal areas of the lagoon, and (iv) solar radiation has an effect on decay rate of E. coli maintained in microcosm experiments.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0240-8759 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 846
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Auteur Caro, A.; Chereau, G.; Briant, N.; Roques, C.; Freydier, R.; Delpoux, S.; Escalas, A.; Elbaz-Poulichet, F.
Titre Contrasted responses of Ruditapes decussatus (filter and deposit feeding) and Loripes lacteus (symbiotic) exposed to polymetallic contamination (Port-Camargue, France) Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Science of The Total Environment
Volume 505 Numéro Pages 526-534
Mots-Clés Bivalves; Clearance rate; DGT (diffusion gradient in thin film technique); genomic content; Metallic pollution; Relative symbiont size
Résumé Abstract

The use of symbiotic bivalve species to assess the effect of anthropogenic metal pollution was rarely investigated whereas data on filter feeding bivalves are common. The aim of this study was the exposure of two bivalve species, Ruditapes decussatus and Loripes lacteus to polymetallic pollution gradient, originating from harbor activities (Port-Camargue, south of France). Both bivalves differ by their trophic status, filter and deposit feeder for Ruditapes and symbiotic for Loripes that underlies potential differences in metal sensibility. The bivalves were immerged in July (for Ruditapes during 2 and 8 days) and in August 2012 (for Loripes during 2, 6 and 8 days) in the water column of the harbor, at 3 stations according to pollution gradient. Metal concentrations (Cu, Mn, Zn) in the water column were quantified as dissolved metals (measured by ICP-MS) and as labile metals (measured by ICP-MS using DGT technique). For each exposure time, accumulation of metals in the soft tissue of bivalves (“bioaccumulation”) was measured for both species. In addition, specific parameters, according to the trophic status of each bivalve, were investigated: filtering activity (specific clearance rate, SCR) for Ruditapes, and relative cell size (SSC) and genomic content (FL1) of bacterial symbionts hosted in the gills of Loripes. The SCR of Ruditapes drops from 100% (control) to 34.7% after 2 days of exposure in the less contaminated site (station 8). On the other hand, the relative cell size (SSC) and genomic content (FL1), measured by flow cytometry were not impacted by the pollution gradient. Bioaccumulation was compared for both species, showing a greater capability of Cu accumulation for Loripes without lethal effect. Mn, Fe and Zn were generally not accumulated by any of the species according to the pollution gradient. The trophic status of each species may greatly influence their respective responses to polymetallic pollution.
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Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0048-9697 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1284
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Auteur Chahinian, N.; Bancon-Montigny, C.; Caro, A.; Got, P.; Perrin, J.L.; Rosain, D.; Rodier, C.; Picot, B.; Tournoud, M.G.
Titre The role of river sediments in contamination storage downstream of a waste water treatment plant in low flow conditions: Organotins, faecal indicator bacteria and nutrients Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume 114 Numéro Pages 70-81
Mots-Clés Thau lagoon (France); anthropogenic pollution; priority substances; river-coastal lagoon continuum; sediment–water column interactions; water quality
Résumé
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 895
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Auteur Espinosa, F.; Rivera-Ingraham, G.A.
Titre Subcellular evidences of redox imbalance in well-established populations of an endangered limpet. Reasons for alarm? Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pollut. Bull.
Volume 109 Numéro 1 Pages 72-80
Mots-Clés antioxidant enzymes; community structure; Conservation; different environmental-conditions; Heavy metals; heavy-metals; marine-invertebrates; mussel mytilus-edulis; Oxidative stress; oyster crassostrea-virginica; Patella ferruginea; patella-ferruginea gastropoda; Pollution; trace-metals
Résumé Intertidal species are more vulnerable to anthropogenic disturbances than others inhabiting subtidal and offshore habitats. Coastal development frequently results in trace-metal pollution. For endangered species such as Patella ferruginea it can be a high risk that leads local populations to extinction. Three localities were surveyed, one within a natural and unpolluted area and the other two within the harbor of Ceuta (Strait of Gibraltar), on breakwaters outside and inside. The specimens collected inside the harbor reached 3-fold higher Hg content than for those incoming from the natural area. PERMANOVA test indicated that metal composition of the specimens from inside the harbor was different from the rest. In addition, evidence of cell damage was detected in the specimens from the harbor area. This highlights the urgency of undertaking a physiological evaluation of some of the most vulnerable populations, establishing eco-physiological protocols for monitoring and managing populations settled on artificial substrata. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1635
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Auteur Larras, F.; Rimet, F.; Gregorio, V.; Bérard, A.; Leboulanger, C.; Montuelle, B.; Bouchez, A.
Titre Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) as a tool for monitoring Lake Geneva long-term in situ ecotoxic restoration from herbicide contamination Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ Sci Pollut Res
Volume 23 Numéro 5 Pages 4301-4311
Mots-Clés Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Atrazine; Copper; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Chemistry; Environmental Health; Environment, general; Phytoplankton; Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT); Restoration; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
Résumé Chemical monitoring revealed a regular decrease in herbicide concentration in Lake Geneva since last decades that may be linked to an ecotoxic restoration of nontarget phytoplanktonic communities. The Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) approach was tested as a tool to monitor the ecotoxic restoration of Lake Geneva for herbicides from 1999 to 2011. We conducted monthly assessments in 1999 and in 2011 for the tolerance of the phytoplankton communities to two herbicides (atrazine and copper), using PICT bioassays. The taxonomical composition of the communities was determined on the same collecting dates. The herbicide concentration decrease during the 12 years significantly influenced the composition of communities. The PICT monitoring indicated that a significant tolerance decrease in the community to both herbicides accompanied the herbicide concentration decrease. PICT measurements for atrazine and copper also changed at the intra-annual level. These variations were mainly due to community composition shifts linked to seasonal phosphorus and temperature changes. PICT monitoring on a seasonal basis is required to monitor the mean tolerance of communities. PICT appeared to be a powerful tool that reflected the toxic effects on environmental communities and to monitor ecotoxic ecosystem restoration.
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Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0944-1344, 1614-7499 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1557
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