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Auteur Hadjadji, I.; Masseret, E.; Plisson, B.; Laabir, M.; Cecchi, P.; Collos, Y.
Titre Clonal variation in physiological parameters of Alexandrium tamarense: implications for biological invasions and maintenance Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Cah. Biol. Mar.
Volume 53 Numéro 3 Pages (down) 357-363
Mots-Clés Alexandrium tamarense; Fitness; Growth rate; Humic acid; Intraspecific variability; Lag phase; blooms; catenella; complex dinophyceae; dinoflagellate; dinophyceae; growth; humic substances; marine-phytoplankton; southern france; thau lagoon; urea uptake
Résumé The study of the intraspecific variability is a crucial step for understanding the successful establishment and maintenance of invasive species. Alexandrium tamarense strains isolated in spring 2007 from a single bloom in Thau lagoon have been grown on three different media (ESNW based on natural seawater, and the artificial media, ESAW, ESAW+HA). A large diversity in the ability of strains to grow on these media was found. Irrespective of medium composition, growth curves followed three models: (1) a classical shape, (2) a population crash followed in some cases (3) by growth recovery. Some strains were able to show significant growth in an environment completely artificial (ESAW). ANOVA indicated a significant difference between groups in growth rates allowing the distinction of contrasted categories among the strains studied in ESNW medium. These statistical tests also indicated the presence of distinct groups among the strains grown in the ESAW as well as for those on ESAW+HA medium. Lag phases were extremely variable between strains in all environments, suggesting a high variability of adaptation to the environment. The results revealed that wide fitness variations were exhibited by diverse conspecific A. tamarense individuals co-existing during a bloom.
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ISSN 0007-9723 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 473
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Auteur Auguet, J.C.; Montanie, H.; Delmas, D.; Hartmann, H.J.; Huet, V.
Titre Dynamic of virioplankton abundance and its environmental control in the Charente estuary (France) Type Article scientifique
Année 2005 Publication Revue Abrégée Microb Ecol
Volume 50 Numéro 3 Pages (down) 337-349
Mots-Clés Bacteria/isolation & purification Ecosystem *Environment; Controlled France Plankton/*isolation & purification Rivers/chemistry/*microbiology Seasons Viruses/*isolation & purification Water Microbiology
Résumé The Charente River provides nutrient- and virus-rich freshwater input to the Marennes Oleron Basin, the largest oyster-producing region in Europe. To evaluate virioplankton distribution in the Charente Estuary and identify which environmental variables control dynamic of virioplankton abundance, five stations defined by a salinity gradient (0-0.5, 0.6-5, 13-17, 20-24, and higher than 30 PSU) were surveyed over a year. Viral abundance was related to bacterioplankton abundance and activities, photosynthetic pigments, nutrient concentration, and physical parameters (temperature and salinity). On a spatial scale, virus displayed a decreasing pattern seaward with abundance ranging over the sampling period from 1.4x10(7) to 20.8x10(7) viruses mL-1 making virioplankton the most abundant component of planktonic microorganisms in the Charente Estuary. A good correlation was found between viral and bacterial abundance (rs=0.85). Furthermore, bacterial abundance was the most important predictor of viral abundance explaining alone between 66% (winter) and 76% (summer) of viral variability. However, no relation existed between viral abundance and chlorophyll a. Temporal variations in viral distributions were mainly controlled by temperature through the control of bacterial dynamics. Spatial variations of viral abundance were influenced by hydrodynamic conditions especially during the winter season where virioplankton distribution was entirely driven by mixing processes.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1296
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Auteur Cocquempot, L.; Delacourt, C.; Paillet, J.; Riou, P.; Aucan, J.; Castelle, B.; Charria, G.; Claudet, J.; Conan, P.; Coppola, L.; Hocdé, R.; Planes, S.; Raimbault, P.; Savoye, N.; Testut, L.; Vuillemin, R.
Titre Coastal Ocean and Nearshore Observation: A French Case Study Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Front. Mar. Sci.
Volume 6 Numéro Pages (down) Unsp-324
Mots-Clés 2013/2014 winter; atlantic coast; coastal ocean; coastline; diversity; ecosystem; increases; interdisciplinary; national structuration; nutrient ratios; observation infrastructure; phytoplankton community; temperature; variability; wave activity
Résumé To understand and predict the physical, chemical, and biological processes at play in coastal and nearshore marine areas requires an integrated, interdisciplinary approach. The case study of the French structuration of coastal ocean and nearshore observing systems provides an original overview on a federative research infrastructure named ILICO. It is a notable example of national structuration and pan-institution efforts to investigate the forefront of knowledge on the processes at work within the critical coastal zone. ILICO comprises, in a pluridisciplinary approach, eight distributed network-systems of observation and data analysis that are accredited and financially supported by French research institutions and the French Ministry for Higher Education, Research, and Innovation. ILICO observation points are implemented along metropolitan and overseas French coasts, where coastline dynamics, sea level evolution, physical and biogeochemical water properties, coastal water dynamics, phytoplankton composition, and health of coral reefs are monitored in order to address a wide range of scientific questions. To give an overview of the diversity and potential of the observations carried out, this paper offers a detailed presentation of three constituting networks: Service Observation en Milieu LITtoral (SOMLIT), with homogeneous sampling strategies, DYNALIT, with heterogeneous sampling strategies adapted to different environments, and Mediterranean Ocean Observing System for the Environment (MOOSE), an integrated, pluri-disciplinary coasta/offshore regional observatory in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. ILICO was conceived using a European framework. It addresses the great challenges of the next decade in terms of sustainability, cost-efficiency, interoperability, and innovation. This paper emphasizes the added-value of federating these systems, and highlights some recommendations for the future.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2604
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Auteur Pringault, O.; Tesson, S.; Rochelle-Newall, E.
Titre Respiration in the Light and Bacterio-Phytoplankton Coupling in a Coastal Environment Type Article scientifique
Année 2009 Publication Revue Abrégée Microb. Ecol.
Volume 57 Numéro 2 Pages (down) 321-334
Mots-Clés bacteria; dissolved organic-carbon; enhanced dark; growth efficiency; heterotrophic; marine bacterioplankton; nw mediterranean sea; post-illumination respiration; respiration; salt-marsh estuaries; solar; ultraviolet-radiation; uv-radiation
Résumé In pelagic ecosystems, the principal source of organic matter is via autotrophic production and the primary sink is through heterotrophic respiration. One would therefore anticipate that there is some degree of linkage between these two compartments. Recent work has shown that respiration in the light is higher than dark respiration. Consequently, many of the methods used to determine respiration and production are biased as they require the assumption that light and dark respiration rates are equivalent. We show here that, in a coastal ecosystem, under visible light exposure, respiration in the light is related to gross production. More than 60% of the variation of respiration in the light, measured at 1 to 40 A mu g L(-1) of chlorophyll a (Chla), could be explained by the variations of gross production. Secondly, the relative contribution of bacterial respiration to community respiration in the light represented up to 79% at low Chla (1 A mu g L(-1)) and was negatively correlated with Chla concentration. Although bacterial production and bacterial respiration were both enhanced in the light, bacterial respiration in the light was more stimulated than bacterial production, which resulted in a decrease in bacterial growth efficiency during light exposure. These results show that the impact of light on the functioning of the microbial loop needs to be taken into account for a better understanding of the oceanic carbon cycle.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0095-3628 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 826
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Auteur Trottet, A.; Leboulanger, C.; Vidussi, F.; Pete, R.; Bouvy, M.; Fouilland, E.
Titre Heterotrophic Bacteria Show Weak Competition for Nitrogen in Mediterranean Coastal Waters (Thau Lagoon) in Autumn Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Microb Ecol
Volume 71 Numéro 2 Pages (down) 304-314
Mots-Clés Bacteria; Dissolved inorganic nitrogen; Ecology; Geoecology/Natural Processes; Inhibitors; Microbial ecology; Microbiology; Nature Conservation; Nitrogen uptake; Phytoplankton; Size fractionation; Water Quality/Water Pollution
Résumé The importance of heterotrophic bacteria relative to phytoplankton in the uptake of ammonium and nitrate was studied in Mediterranean coastal waters (Thau Lagoon) during autumn, when the Mediterranean Sea received the greatest allochthonous nutrient loads. Specific inhibitors and size-fractionation methods were used in combination with isotopic 15N tracers. NO3 − and NH4 + uptake was dominated by phytoplankton (60 % on average) during the study period, which included a flood event. Despite lower biomass specific NH4 + and NO3 uptake rates, free-living heterotrophic bacteria contributed significantly (>30 %) to total microbial NH4 + and NO3 − uptake rates in low chlorophyll waters. Under these conditions, heterotrophic bacteria may be responsible for more than 50 % of primary production, using very little freshly produced phytoplankton exudates. In low chlorophyll coastal waters as reported during the present 3-month study, the heterotrophic bacteria seemed to depend to a greater extent on allochthonous N and C substrates than on autochthonous substrates derived from phytoplankton.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0095-3628, 1432-184x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1448
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