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Auteur (down) Fouilland, E.; Tolosa, I.; Bonnet, D.; Bouvier, C.; Bouvier, T.; Bouvy, M.; Got, P.; Le Floc'h, E.; Mostajir, B.; Roques, C.; Sempéré, R.; Sime-Ngando, T.; Vidussi, F.
Titre Bacterial carbon dependence on freshly produced phytoplankton exudates under different nutrient availability and grazing pressure conditions in coastal marine waters Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée FEMS microbiology ecology
Volume 87 Numéro 3 Pages 757-769
Mots-Clés bacteria; carbon coupling; coastal waters; interactions; phytoplankton
Résumé The effects of grazing pressure and inorganic nutrient availability on the direct carbon transfer from freshly produced phytoplankton exudates to heterotrophic bacteria biomass production were studied in Mediterranean coastal waters. The short-term incorporation of (1)(3)C (H(1)(3)CO(3)) in phytoplankton and bacterial lipid biomarkers was measured as well as the total bacterial carbon production (BP), viral lysis and the microbial community structure under three experimental conditions: (1) High inorganic Nutrient and High Grazing (HN + HG), (2) High inorganic Nutrient and Low Grazing (HN + LG) and (3) under natural in situ conditions with Low inorganic Nutrient and High Grazing (LN + HG) during spring. Under phytoplankton bloom conditions (HN + LG), the bacterial use of freshly produced phytoplankton exudates as a source of carbon, estimated from (1)(3)C enrichment of bacterial lipids, contributed more than half of the total bacterial production. However, under conditions of high grazing pressure on phytoplankton with or without the addition of inorganic nutrients (HN + HG and LN + HG), the (1)(3)C enrichment of bacterial lipids was low compared with the high total bacterial production. BP therefore seems to depend mainly on freshly produced phytoplankton exudates during the early phase of phytoplankton bloom period. However, BP seems mainly relying on recycled carbon from viral lysis and predators under high grazing pressure.
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ISSN 1574-6941 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 444
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Auteur (down) Feuilloley, G.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Stemmann, L.; Demarcq, H.; Estournel, C.; Saraux, C.
Titre Concomitant changes in the environment and small pelagic fish community of the Gulf of Lions Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Prog. Oceanogr.
Volume 186 Numéro Pages 102375
Mots-Clés algorithm; anchovy; Bottom-up control; Chlorophyll-a; circulation; climate; Environmental change; fronts; mediterranean sea; Northwestern Mediterranean Sea; oscillation; planktonic ecosystem; pressure; Small pelagic fish; variability
Résumé An important decrease in small pelagic fish condition and size has been observed in the most productive ecosystem of the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Lions, since 2008, leading to an important fishery crisis. Previous studies suggested bottom-up control to be the most probable cause for these changes. Here, we investigate whether an environmental change might have caused such a situation. In the absence of zooplankton time series, this study aims at describing temporal changes in key abiotic factors for the planktonic and fish production of the Gulf of Lions, such as SST, meso-scale fronts, wind-induced coastal upwelling, river discharge, water stratification and deep convection and then at understanding potential link on Chl-a concentration as well as small pelagic fish populations. Our results indicate that the environmental conditions have broadly changed in the Gulf of Lion, with a major change in the mid-2000s, affecting the Chla concentration (which showed a regime shift in 2007), but also the SST, the upwelling and frontal activities, the Rhone river discharge (and particularly the N and P nutrients inputs) as well as the deep winter convection. Those changes could have affected the plankton production and consequently the small pelagic fish community that displayed similar patterns of variations as the environmental conditions.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000552124300015 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2842
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Auteur (down) Escalas, A.; Catherine, A.; Maloufi, S.; Cellamare, M.; Hamlaoui, S.; Yepremian, C.; Louvard, C.; Troussellier, M.; Bernard, C.
Titre Drivers and ecological consequences of dominance in periurban phytoplankton communities using networks approaches Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Water Res.
Volume 163 Numéro Pages Unsp-114893
Mots-Clés blooms; climate-change; Co-occurrence network; Community cohesion; Community functioning; cooccurrence patterns; cyanobacteria dominance; diversity; Dominance; fresh-waters; lakes; light; Periurban waterbodies; Phytoplankton; resource use efficiency; species richness
Résumé Evaluating the causes and consequences of dominance by a limited number of taxa in phytoplankton communities is of huge importance in the current context of increasing anthropogenic pressures on natural ecosystems. This is of particular concern in densely populated urban areas where usages and impacts of human populations on water ecosystems are strongly interconnected. Microbial biodiversity is commonly used as a bioindicator of environmental quality and ecosystem functioning, but there are few studies at the regional scale that integrate the drivers of dominance in phytoplankton communities and their consequences on the structure and functioning of these communities. Here, we studied the causes and consequences of phytoplankton dominance in 50 environmentally contrasted waterbodies, sampled over four summer campaigns in the highly-populated Ile-de-France region (IDF). Phytoplankton dominance was observed in 32-52% of the communities and most cases were attributed to Chlorophyta (35.5-40.6% of cases) and Cyanobacteria (30.3-36.5%). The best predictors of dominance were identified using multinomial logistic regression and included waterbody features (surface, depth and connection to the hydrological network) and water column characteristics (total N, TN:TP ratio, water temperature and stratification). The consequences of dominance were dependent on the identity of the dominant organisms and included modifications of biological attributes (richness, cohesion) and functioning (biomass, RUE) of phytoplankton communities. We constructed co-occurrence networks using high resolution phytoplankton biomass and demonstrated that networks under dominance by Chlorophyta and Cyanobacteria exhibited significantly different structure compared with networks without dominance. Furthermore, dominance by Cyanobacteria was associated with more profound network modifications (e.g. cohesion, size, density, efficiency and proportion of negative links), suggesting a stronger disruption of the structure and functioning of phytoplankton communities in the conditions in which this group dominates. Finally, we provide a synthesis on the relationships between environmental drivers, dominance status, community attributes and network structure. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0043-1354 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000483006400038 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2636
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Auteur (down) Eduardo Nole, L.; Bertrand, A.; Mincarone, M.M.; Santos, L.; Fredou, T.; Assuncao, R.; Silva, A.; Menard, F.; Schwamborn, R.; Le Loc'h, F.; Lucena-Fredou, F.
Titre Hatchetfishes (Stomiiformes: Sternoptychidae) biodiversity, trophic ecology, vertical niche partitioning and functional roles in the western Tropical Atlantic Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Prog. Oceanogr.
Volume 187 Numéro Pages 102389
Mots-Clés Brazil; central equatorial atlantic; diet; Diet; Dissolved oxygen; feeding patterns; Gelatinous organisms; Mesopelagic; mesopelagic fishes; midwater fish; Oceanic islands; organic-matter; Seamounts; Stable isotope composition; stable-isotopes; stomiid pisces; yellowfin tuna; zooplankton
Résumé Species of the family Sternoptychidae (hatchetfishes) occur worldwide and play critical roles by sequestering carbon, recycling nutrients, and acting as a key trophic link between epipelagic primary consumers and higher trophic levels in marine ecosystems. Nevertheless, basic knowledge on their ecology is still lacking and their functional ecology remains understudied with respect to composition, organization, functions and environment interactions. Here we integrated comprehensive information collected in the western Tropical Atlantic on the diversity, abundance, distribution and trophic ecology of hatchetfishes, including physicochemical features of their habitats and extensive carbon and nitrogen stable isotope data on its main prey groups. On this basis we defined five functional groups of hatchetfishes with different diet preference, isotopic composition, and vertical abundance peaks and reveal a possible high resource partitioning. Additionally, these species might have a different feeding tie chronology. Hence, hatchetfishes segregate in different ecological groups responding differently to environmental constraints including oxygen concentration and presenting diverse functional roles. As deep-sea species that migrate to epipelagic waters, hatchetfishes may play a key role in the transfer of subsurface photoassimilated carbon to deeper waters, a pathway through which the effects of climate change at the surface are transferred to the deep ocean. Moreover, as consumers of gelatinous organisms, these species convert “gelatinous energy” into “fish energy” readily usable by higher trophic levels, including endangered and commercially important species. This is a crucial trophic relationship that has been historically underestimated due to methodology limitations (e.g., quickly digested gelatinous organisms were probably underestimated in previous studies, based solely on stomach contents). Considering in ecosystem models this trophic relationship, as well as the functional organization of hatchetfishes, is important to properly answer key ecological questions including resource use, carbon transportation, and influence of mesopelagic community in climate change process.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000572347900002 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2898
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Auteur (down) Duval, C.; Thomazeau, S.; Drelin, Y.; Yepremian, C.; Bouvy, M.; Couloux, A.; Troussellier, M.; Rousseau, F.; Bernard, C.
Titre Phylogeny and salt-tolerance of freshwater Nostocales strains: Contribution to their systematics and evolution Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Harmful Algae
Volume 73 Numéro Pages 58-71
Mots-Clés baltic sea; bloom; comb. nova; Cyanobacteria; dolichospermum; genera anabaena; genetics analysis; great oxidation event; hetR; Morphology; nijH; Nostocaceae; Phylogeny; Physiology; planktonic cyanobacteria; polyphasic approach; Polyphasic approach; Salt-tolerance; toxin production
Résumé Phylogenetic relationships among heterocytous genera (the Nostocales order) have been profoundly modified since the use of polyphasic approaches that include molecular data. There is nonetheless still ample scope for improving phylogenetic delineations of genera with broad ecological distributions, particularly by integrating specimens from specific or up-to-now poorly sampled habitats. In this context, we studied 36 new isolates belonging to Chrysosporum, Dolichospermum, Anabaena, Anabaenopsis, and Cylindrospermopsis from freshwater ecosystems of Burkina-Faso, Senegal, and Mayotte Island. Studying strains from these habitats is of particular interest as we suspected different range of salt variations during underwent periods of drought in small ponds and lakes. Such salt variation may cause different adaptation to salinity. We then undertook a polyphasic approach, combining molecular phylogenies, morphological analyses, and physiological measurements of tolerance to salinity. Molecular phylogenies of 117 Nostocales sequences showed that the 36 studied strains were distributed in seven lineages: Dolichospermum, Chrysosporum, Cylindrospermopsis Raphidiopsis, Anabaenopsis, Anabaena sphaerica var tenuis/Sphaerospermopsis, and two independent Anabaena sphaerica lineages. Physiological data were congruent with molecular results supporting the separation into seven lineages. In an evolutionary context, salinity tolerance can be used as an integrative marker to reinforce the delineation of some cyanobacterial lineages. The history of this physiological trait contributes to a better understanding of processes leading to the divergence of cyanobacteria. In this study, most of the cyanobacterial strains isolated from freshwater environments were salt-tolerant, thus suggesting this trait constituted an ancestral trait of the heterocytous cyanobacteria and that it was probably lost two times secondarily and independently in the ancestor of Dolichospermum and of Cylindrospermopsis. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1568-9883 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2341
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