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Auteur Gasche, L.; Gascuel, D.; Shannon, L.; Shin, Y.-J.
Titre Global assessment of the fishing impacts on the Southern Benguela ecosystem using an EcoTroph modelling approach Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Marine Systems
Volume 90 Numéro 1 Pages 1-12
Mots-Clés Ecosystem indicators; EcoTroph; Fishing impact; Overfishing; southern Benguela; Trophic modelling
Résumé We show that the EcoTroph model based on trophic spectra is an efficient tool to build ecosystem diagnoses of the impact of fishing. Using the Southern Benguela case study as a pretext, we present the first thorough application of the model to a real ecosystem. We thus review the structure and functioning of EcoTroph and we introduce the user to the steps that should be followed, showing the various possibilities of the model while underlining the most critical points of the modelling process. We show that EcoTroph provides an overview of the current exploitation level and target factors at the ecosystem scale, using two distinct trophic spectra to quantify the fishing targets and the fishing impact per trophic level. Then, we simulate changes in the fishing mortality, facilitating differential responses of two groups of species within the Southern Benguela ecosystem to be distinguished. More generally, we highlight various trends in a number of indicators of the ecosystem's state when increasing fishing mortality and we show that this ecosystem is moderately exploited, although predatory species are at their MSY. Finally, trophic spectra of the fishing effort multipliers EMSY and E(0.1) are proposed as tools for monitoring the ecosystem effects of fishing.
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ISSN 0924-7963 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 190
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Auteur Grüss, A.; Harford, W.J.; Schirripa, M.J.; Velez, L.; Sagarese, S.R.; Shin, Y.-J.; Verley, P.
Titre Management strategy evaluation using the individual-based, multispecies modeling approach OSMOSE Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecological Modelling
Volume 340 Numéro Pages 86-105
Mots-Clés Ecosystem modeling; end-to-end model; Gulf of Mexico; Management strategy evaluation; Risk of overfishing; Total acceptable catch
Résumé End-to-end ecosystem modeling platforms, including OSMOSE, are key tools for informing ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM). End-to-end models ideally implement two-way interactions between model components, yet two-way interactions between high trophic level (HTL) functional groups and humans (fisheries managers and fishers) are currently missing in OSMOSE. We developed a management strategy evaluation (MSE) framework for OSMOSE, which allows for feedback between HTL functional groups and fisheries managers. This framework couples OSMOSE to a management procedure integrating decision rules and accounting for scientific uncertainty and the acceptable risk of overfishing. We applied the MSE framework to the OSMOSE model of the West Florida Shelf, so as to conduct an evaluation of total allowable catch (TAC) strategies for red grouper (Epinephelus morio) in a context of episodic events of natural mortality. Our simulations indicate that TAC strategies that assume higher scientific uncertainty and/or lower acceptable risk of overfishing result in higher biomass-related metrics for red grouper. However, the levels of scientific uncertainty and acceptable risk of overfishing impose a trade-off between biomass-related and catch-related metrics for red grouper. Our simulations also indicate that updating red grouper TAC more frequently in a context of episodic events of natural mortality does not have a large impact on biomass-related and catch-related metrics for red grouper and other functional groups. The MSE we conducted for red grouper is strategic, and its outcomes, which were obtained under a specific set of assumptions, must be considered preliminary. We discuss how future research could help enhance understanding of the possible impacts of TAC strategies for red grouper. The MSE framework designed for OSMOSE links the dynamics of HTL functional groups to that of fisheries managers, thereby allowing OSMOSE to be better suited for informing EBFM. This framework is an invaluable asset in assessing the performance of fisheries management strategies, but could also be used for other purposes, such as the evaluation of research monitoring programs.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0304-3800 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1615
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