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Auteur (up) Alix, M.; Blondeau-Bidet, E.; Grousset, E.; Shiranghi, A.; Vergnet, A.; Guinand, B.; Chatain, B.; Boulo, V.; Lignot, J.-H. doi  openurl
  Titre Effects of fasting and re-alimentation on gill and intestinal morphology and indicators of osmoregulatory capacity in genetically selected sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) populations with contrasting tolerance to fasting Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture  
  Volume 468 Numéro Pages 314-325  
  Mots-Clés bream sparus-auratus; dietary-sodium chloride; Enterocyte; Fasting; feed deprivation; fish; fresh-water; fundulus-heteroclitus; Gill ionocyte; Morphometry; Ontogeny; oreochromis-mossambicus; Osmoregulation; rainbow-trout; Re-alimentation; Salinity; Sea bass  
  Résumé Fasting and refeeding occur naturally in predators but this is largely ignored when dealing with farmed fish. Therefore,the effects of 3-week fasting and re-alimentation (2.5% of the individual body mass) were investigated using two genetically selected populations (F2 generation) of 250 g juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Blood osmolarity, gill and intestinal morphology and expression of the sodium pump (Na+, K+-ATPase, NKA) were studied on two phenotypes showing different degrees of body mass loss during food deprivation: one group losing body mass rapidly during fasting (F+) and the other one limiting body mass loss during the same period (F-). Blood osmotic pressure significantly decreases due to re-alimentation in both groups, but this is compensated in the F+ group. In this group, gill ionocytes are smaller and less numerous, but a significantly higher NKA gene expression is noted in the gills in comparison to the F- individuals 48 and 72 h after re-alimentation, and also in the posterior intestine 72 h after re-alimentation. This most probably occurs to compensate for a higher salt intake during nutrient absorption in comparison to the F- group. Furthermore, refed F- fish absorb more lipids along the proximal anterior intestine, and take longer to digest than the F+ group, and show enterocyte vacuolization in the posterior intestine. Therefore, the two selected populations have different postprandial digestive strategies: the F- fish optimize feed efficiency first at the cost of optimal hydromineral adjustment, while the F+ group invests in osmoregulatory performance at the expense of digestive physiology. Statement of relevance: Our paper is highly relevant to the general field of commercial aquaculture. There is an increasing number of research articles dealing with fasting and refeeding in commercial fish and how to improve fish nutrition based oh these physiological data and genetic selection. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  
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  ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium  
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Auteur (up) Blondeau-Bidet, E.; Hiroi, J.; Lorin-Nebel, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Ion uptake pathways in European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Gene  
  Volume 692 Numéro Pages 126-137  
  Mots-Clés Ion transporters; Na uptake; Ncc2; Nhe3; Osmoregulation; Teleost  
  Résumé Ion uptake mechanisms are diverse in fish species, certainly linked to duplication events that have led to the presence of a multitude of paralogous genes. In fish, Na+ uptake involves several ion transporters expressed in different ionocyte subtypes. In the European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax, several key transporters potentially involved in Na+ uptake have been investigated in seawater (SW) and following a 2 weeks freshwater (FW) acclimation. Using gel electrophoresis, we have shown that the Na+/H+-exchanger 3 (nhe3, slc9a3) is expressed in gills and kidney at both salinities. Quantitative realtime PCR analysis showed a significantly higher nhe3 expression in fresh water (FW) compared to SW. Its apical localization in a subset of gill ionocytes in freshwater-acclimated fish supports the role of NHE3 in Na+ uptake. Interestingly, NHE3-immunopositive cells also express basolateral Na+/K+/2Cl− cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) and are mainly localized in gill lamella. Among the three nhe2 (slc9a2) paralogs, only nhe2c shows differential branchial expression levels with higher mRNA levels in SW than in FW. The increased branchial expression of the ammonia transporter rhcg1 (Rhesus protein), nhe3 and cytoplasmic carbonic anhydrase (cac) in FW could indicate the presence of a functional coupling between ion transporters to form a Na+/NH4+ exchange complex. Acid-sensing ion channel 4 (asic4) seems not to be expressed in sea bass gills. Na+/Cl- cotransporter (ncc2a or ncc-like) is about three times more expressed in FW compared to SW suggesting coupled Na+ and Cl− uptake in a subset of gill ionocytes. Besides the main pump Na+/K+-ATPase, branchial NCC2a and NHE3 may be key players in ion uptake in sea bass following a long-term freshwater challenge.  
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  ISSN 0378-1119 ISBN Médium  
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Auteur (up) Bossus, M.; Charmantier, G.; Blondeau-Bidet, E.; Valletta, B.; Boulo, V.; Lorin-Nebel, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre The ClC-3 chloride channel and osmoregulation in the European Sea Bass, Dicentrarchus labrax Type Article scientifique
  Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée J Comp Physiol B  
  Volume 183 Numéro 5 Pages 641-662  
  Mots-Clés ClC-3 chloride channel; Dicentrarchus labrax; Na+/K+-ATPase; Osmoregulation; Osmosensing  
  Résumé Dicentrarchus labrax migrates between sea (SW), brackish and fresh water (FW) where chloride concentrations and requirements for chloride handling change: in FW, fish absorb chloride and restrict renal losses; in SW, they excrete chloride. In this study, the expression and localization of ClC-3 and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) were studied in fish adapted to SW, or exposed to FW from 10 min to 30 days. In gills, NKA-alpha1 subunit expression transiently increased from 10 min and reached a stabilized intermediate expression level after 24 h in FW. ClC-3 co-localized with NKA in the basolateral membrane of mitochondria-rich cells (MRCs) at all conditions. The intensity of MRC ClC-3 immunostaining was significantly higher (by 50 %) 1 h after the transfer to FW, whereas the branchial ClC-3 protein expression was 30 % higher 7 days after the transfer as compared to SW. This is consistent with the increased number of immunopositive MRCs (immunostained for NKA and ClC-3). However, the ClC-3 mRNA expression was significantly lower in FW gills. In the kidney, after FW transfer, a transient decrease in NKA-alpha1 subunit expression was followed by significantly higher stable levels from 24 h. The low ClC-3 protein expression detected at both salinities was not observed by immunocytochemistry in the SW kidney; ClC-3 was localized in the basal membrane of the collecting ducts and tubules 7 and 30 days after transfer to FW. Renal ClC-3 mRNA expression, however, seemed higher in SW than in FW. The potential role of this chloride channel ClC-3 in osmoregulatory and osmosensing mechanisms is discussed.  
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  ISSN 0174-1578 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 888  
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Auteur (up) Boudour-Boucheker, N.; Boulo, V.; Charmantier-Daures, M.; Grousset, E.; Anger, K.; Charmantier, G.; Lorin-Nebel, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Differential distribution of V-type H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase in the branchial chamber of the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Cell and Tissue Research  
  Volume 357 Numéro 1 Pages 195-206  
  Mots-Clés Branchiostegite; Gills; Na+/K+-ATPase; Osmoregulation; V-type H+-ATPase; crab eriocheir-sinensis; decapoda; epithelial potential difference; fresh-water crab; gill epithelium; homarus-gammarus; ion-transport; larval development; lobster; olfersii; plasma-membrane; salinity acclimation  
  Résumé V-H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase were localized in the gills and branchiostegites of M. amazonicum and the effects of salinity on the branchial chamber ultrastructure and on the localization of transporters were investigated. Gills present septal and pillar cells. In freshwater (FW), the apical surface of pillar cells is amplified by extensive evaginations associated with mitochondria. V-H+-ATPase immunofluorescence was localized in the membranes of the apical evaginations and in clustered subapical areas of pillar cells, suggesting labeling of intracellular vesicle membranes. Na+/K+-ATPase labeling was restricted to the septal cells. No difference in immunostaining was recorded for both proteins according to salinity (FW vs. 25 PSU). In the branchiostegite, both V-H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase immunofluorescence were localized in the same cells of the internal epithelium. Immunogold revealed that V-H+-ATPase was localized in apical evaginations and in electron-dense areas throughout the inner epithelium, while Na+/K+-ATPase occurred densely along the basal infoldings of the cytoplasmic membrane. Our results suggest that morphologically different cell types within the gill lamellae may also be functionally specialized. We propose that, in FW, pillar cells expressing V-H+-ATPase absorb ions (Cl-, Na+) that are transported either directly to the hemolymph space or through a junctional complex to the septal cells, which may be responsible for active Na+ delivery to the hemolymph through Na+/K+-ATPase. This suggests a functional link between septal and pillar cells in osmoregulation. When shrimps are transferred to FW, gill and branchiostegite epithelia undergo ultrastructural changes, most probably resulting from their involvement in osmoregulatory processes.  
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  ISSN 0302-766x ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 541  
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Auteur (up) Boudour-Boucheker, N.; Boulo, V.; Lorin-Nebel, C.; Elguero, C.; Grousset, E.; Anger, K.; Charmantier-Daures, M.; Charmantier, G. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Adaptation to freshwater in the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum: comparative ontogeny of osmoregulatory organs Type Article scientifique
  Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Cell Tissue Res  
  Volume 353 Numéro 1 Pages 87-98  
  Mots-Clés Antennal gland; Branchial chamber; Crustaceans; Immunolocalization; Macrobrachium amazonicum; Na+/K+-ATPase; Osmoregulation  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0302-766x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 441  
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