|   | 
Détails
   web
Enregistrements
Auteur Farcy, E.; Burgeot, T.; Haberkorn, H.; Auffret, M.; Lagadic, L.; Allenou, J.-P.; Budzinski, H.; Mazzella, N.; Pete, R.; Heydorff, M.; Menard, D.; Mondeguer, F.; Caquet, T.
Titre An integrated environmental approach to investigate biomarker fluctuations in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis L. in the Vilaine estuary, France Type Article scientifique
Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ Sci Pollut Res
Volume 20 Numéro 2 Pages 630-650
Mots-Clés Biomarkers; Confounding factors; Environmental fluctuations; Estuary; Mytilus edulis; Organic contaminants; Reproductive cycle; phycotoxins; temperature
Résumé Estuarine areas represent complex and highly changing environments at the interface between freshwater and marine aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, the aquatic organisms living in estuaries have to face highly variable environmental conditions. The aim of this work was to study the influence of environmental changes from either natural or anthropogenic origins on the physiological responses of Mytilus edulis. Mussels were collected in the Vilaine estuary during early summer because this season represents a critical period of active reproduction in mussels and of increased anthropogenic inputs from agricultural and boating activities into the estuary. The physiological status of the mussel M. edulis was evaluated through measurements of a suite of biomarkers related to: oxidative stress (catalase, malondialdehyde), detoxication (benzopyrene hydroxylase, carboxylesterase), neurotoxicity (acetylcholinesterase), reproductive cycle (vitelline, condition index, maturation stages), immunotoxicity (hemocyte concentration, granulocyte percentage, phagocytosis, reactive oxygen species production, oxidative burst), and general physiological stress (lysosomal stability). A selection of relevant organic contaminant (pesticides, (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorobiphenyls) was measured as well as environmental parameters (water temperature, salinity, total suspended solids, turbidity, chlorophyll a, pheopigments) and mussel phycotoxin contamination. Two locations differently exposed to the plume of the Vilaine River were compared. Both temporal and inter-site variations of these biomarkers were studied. Our results show that reproduction cycle and environmental parameters such as temperature, organic ontaminants, and algal blooms could strongly influence the biomarker responses. These observations highlight the necessity to conduct integrated environmental approaches in order to better understand the causes of biomarker variations.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0944-1344 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 420
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Walker, T.R.; Grant, J.; Weise, A.M.; McKindsey, C.W.; Callier, M.D.; Richard, M.
Titre Influence of suspended mussel lines on sediment erosion and resuspension in Lagune de la Grande Entree, Iles-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume 433 Numéro Pages 450-457
Mots-Clés Aquaculture; Biodeposits; biogeochemical fluxes; culture; dynamics; intertidal cohesive sediments; lagoon; Mytilus; Mytilus edulis; Particle; rates; Resuspension; Sediment erosion; Shear velocity; size; stability
Résumé Downward fluxes of organically rich biodeposits under suspended mussel lines can cause benthic impacts such as changes in benthic community structure or microbial mat production. Quantifying sediment erosion in these coastal ecosystems is important for understanding how fluxes of organic matter and mussel biodeposits contribute to benthic pelagic coupling. Critical shear velocity (u(crit)*(t)), erosion rates and particle size distributions of resuspended sediment were measured at four stations distributed along a transect perpendicular to a mussel farm in Lagune de la Grande Entree, Iles-de-la-Madeleine (Quebec, Canada). Stations were selected underneath the outer-most mussel line (0 m) and at distances of 15,30 m and at a reference station (500 m) further along the transect. Shear velocity was measured using a calibrated portable Particle Erosion Simulator, also referred to as the BEAST (Benthic Environmental Assessment Sediment Tool). Undisturbed sediment cores obtained by divers were exposed to shear stress to compare differences between stations. Erosion sequences indicated no significant differences in u(crit)* between stations, but there were significant differences in erosion rates beneath mussel lines compared to other stations. Erosion rates were the highest in cores from beneath mussel lines, but paradoxically had the lowest u(crit)* Mean erosion rates at u*crit varied between 25 and 47 g m(-2) min(-1) and critical erosion thresholds varied between 1.58 and 1.73 cm s(-1), which compare with intensive mussel culture sites elsewhere in eastern Canada. Significant differences existed in biotic and abiotic properties of sediments which could explain variation in maximum erosion rates within and between stations. Particle sizes measured by videography of resuspended sediment at different shear velocities ranged from 02 to 3.0 mm. Quantifying sediment erosion from intact marine sediments helps to improve our mechanistic understanding of these processes, and the BEAST further contributes to predictive capability in benthic pelagic coupling modeling. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AQ1GH<br/>Times Cited: 0<br/>Cited Reference Count: 39<br/>Walker, Tony R. Grant, Jon Weise, Andrea M. McKindsey, Christopher W. Callier, Myriam D. Richard, Marion<br/>Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Development Program (ACRDP); Societe de Development de l'Industrie Maricole (SODIM); Fisheries and Oceans Canada<br/>We thank MAPAQ and B. Hargrave for the collaboration and C. Eloquin and associates for the permission to use their site. Funding was provided by the Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Development Program (ACRDP), the Societe de Development de l'Industrie Maricole (SODIM) and the Fisheries and Oceans Canada. We thank B. Schofield and M. Merrimen for the fabrication of the BEAST which formed part of the equipment necessary for the Canadian Arctic Shelves Exchange Study (CASES), a Research Network funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).<br/>Elsevier science bv<br/>Amsterdam</p> Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1180
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement