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Auteur Jose, Y.S.; Aumont, O.; Machu, E.; Penven, P.; Moloney, C.L.; Maury, O.
Titre Influence of mesoscale eddies on biological production in the Mozambique Channel : several contrasted examples from a coupled ocean-biogeochemistry model Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Deep-Sea Research Part II.Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume 100 Numéro No spécial Pages 79-93
Mots-Clés Chlorophyll; Cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies; Mozambique Channel; Nutrients; Ocean physical-biogeochemical coupling
Résumé The impact of mesoscale activity on phytoplankton and nutrient distribution in the Mozambique Channel was simulated by coupling a biogeochemical model (PISCES) with a regional oceanic model (ROMS). Examples of the effects of eddies on the biogeochemistry of the Mozambique Channel are presented to illustrate the complexity of the system. In the model, several cyclonic eddies were found with low concentrations of chlorophyll at their cores, which contrasts with previous studies in the open ocean. In addition, several anticyclonic eddies were simulated with high concentrations of chlorophyll at their cores. Phytoplankton growth within these mesoscale features (both cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies) occurred in response to nutrient injection into the euphotic zone by advection, and subsequent retention of surrounding nutrient-rich waters within eddies. Offshore nutrient distributions depended strongly on lateral advection of nutrient-rich water from the coastal regions, induced by eddy interaction with the shelf. The environmental conditions at the locations where eddies were generated had an important effect on nutrient concentrations within these structures.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur Barlow, R.; Marsac, F.; Ternon, J.-F.; Roberts, M.
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0967-0645 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 364
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Auteur Jose, Y.S.; Penven, P.; Aumont, O.; Machu, E.; Moloney, C.L.; Shillington, F.; Maury, O.
Titre Suppressing and enhancing effects of mesoscale dynamics on biological production in the Mozambique Channel Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Marine Systems
Volume 158 Numéro Pages 129-139
Mots-Clés chlorophyll; Mesoscale dynamics; Mozambique Channel; primary production
Résumé We used a coupled physical-biogeochemical model to investigate how the strong eddy activity typical of the Mozambique Channel affects biological production. A numerical experiment was carried out, in which mesoscale dynamics were suppressed by cancelling the nonlinear terms for horizontal momentum in the Naviers-Stokes equation. Mesoscale dynamics were found to be responsible for (1) increased offshore production in the Mozambique Channel as a result of net eddy-induced offshore transport of nutrient-rich coastal waters; (2) decreased shelf production along the central Mozambican and south-west Madagascar coast caused by a reduction in nutrient availability related to the net eddy-induced lateral transport of nutrients; (3) increased coastal production along the northern Mozambican coast caused by eddy-induced nutrient supply. The model results also showed an intensification and shallowing of the subsurface production, related to increased upper layer nutrient concentrations caused by eddy activity. In addition, by driving the detachment of the East Madagascar Current at the southern tip of the island, inertial processes intensify the southern Madagascar upwelling and causes offshore diffusion of the upwelled waters. These results emphasize the complex role played by eddy activity and, more generally, inertial processes on marine ecosystems in this region.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0924-7963 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1516
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Auteur Kolasinski, J.; Kaehler, S.; Jaquemet, S.
Titre Distribution and sources of particulate organic matter in a mesoscale eddy dipole in the Mozambique Channel (south-western Indian Ocean): Insight from C and N stable isotopes Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Marine Systems
Volume 96–97 Numéro Pages 122-131
Mots-Clés Channel; Mozambique
Résumé This study investigates eddy induced transport processes that affect the sources and sinks of organic matter in the Mozambique Channel (MC). Eddies generated in the MC interact with the continental shelf and have been hypothesized to act as conveyor belts that entrain coastal production offshore. A combination of natural isotope tracers, elemental composition and physico-chemical variables allowed distinguishing two sources of organic matter within the eddy dipole. Near the surface, coastal POM was entrained at the anti-cyclonic boundary and further transferred into the eddy. Anti-cyclonic surface POM containing coastal POM was downwelled into deeper layers where decomposition greatly affected its composition. In contrast, cyclonic water promoted new production, by upwelling nutrient-rich deep waters into the euphotic zone. This production circulated through the mixed layer of the cyclone and was possibly advected into the boundary. Boundary F(max) and surface waters shared characteristics with the cyclone and anti-cyclone respectively as the result of both import of primary production of cyclonic origin occurring at F(max) and entrainment of coastal biological material at the surface. In the overall low productivity environment of the MC, it is likely that the continuous migration of mesoscale eddies along the shelf plays an important ecological role both in enhancing pelagic production and transporting coastal production offshore.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0924-7963 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 200
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Auteur Marsac, F.; Barlow, R.; Ternon, J.-F.; Ménard, F.; Roberts, M.
Titre Ecosystem functioning in the Mozambique Channel : synthesis and future research Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Deep-Sea Research Part II.Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume 100 Numéro No spécial Pages 212-220
Mots-Clés Bio-physical coupling; Ecosystem approach; Mesoscale circulation; Mozambique Channel
Résumé The MESOBIO programme investigated mesoscale dynamics using an integrated ecosystem approach, linking physical and biogeochemical processes with different trophic levels. Observation and modeling were used in combination to explain the main processes occurring in the mesoscale eddy field. The particular shape of the Mozambique Channel, composed of two basins interconnected through a narrow zone, favours the generation of mesoscale eddies and increases the opportunity for eddy-shelf interactions. Phytoplankton abundance peaked in areas of nutrient enrichment that are often found in the core of cyclonic eddies, as well as on the continental shelf. Grazers in zooplankton communities exhibited high biovolume in cyclonic eddies, but their abundance was lower in fronts and divergence zones, with lowest biovolume in anticyclones. Biovolume was highest at shelf stations, but very variable and similar to phytoplankton. Age of eddies, their subsequent maturation stage and the dynamics of the eddy field played a major role effecting zooplankton abundance. Micronekton presented abundance patterns coherent with zooplankton distribution, however this was only demonstrated by acoustic methods, whereas mid-water trawl collection and predators stomach contents (predators being used as biological samplers) did not reveal significant relationships with mesoscale features. For upper trophic levels, the average density of foraging seabirds was lowest in anticyclones, highest in cyclones and at intermediate levels in divergence, shelf and frontal zones. However, multifaceted behavioral responses were observed in such a highly variable environment. Swordfish was clearly associated with divergence zones, and to a lesser extent with fronts, suggesting that the higher density in divergences was related to the presence of its main prey, essentially large squids. Although tunas tended to be more abundant in areas with weak geostrophic currents, their relationship to mesoscale features was not straightforward as adult tunas caught by longline have the ability to explore different foraging habitats over a broad range of depths. Several suggestions for advancing eddy-related research from the current state of knowledge are proposed in the second part of the paper.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur Barlow, R.; Marsac, F.; Ternon, J.-F.; Roberts, M.
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0967-0645 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 366
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Auteur Masroor, W.; Farcy, E.; Gros, R.; Lorin-Nebel, C.
Titre Effect of combined stress (salinity and temperature) in European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax osmoregulatory processes Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A-Mol. Integr. Physiol.
Volume 215 Numéro Pages 45-54
Mots-Clés Osmoregulation; fresh-water; Teleost; goldfish carassius-auratus; Ionocytes; branchial na+/k+-atpase; fish gills; gill morphology; Gill plasticity; Hydromineral balance; k+-atpase activity; mitochondria-rich cells; mozambique tilapia; NKA activity; salmon salmo-salar; Thermal acclimation; tilapia oreochromis-mossambicus
Résumé European sea bass Dicentrarchus Iabrax undertake seasonal migrations to estuaries and lagoons that are characterized by fluctuations in environmental conditions. Their ability to cope with these unstable habitats is undeniable, but it is still not clear how and to what extent salinity acclimation mechanisms are affected at temperatures higher than in the sea. In this study, juvenile sea bass were pre-acclimated to seawater (SW) at 18 degrees C (temperate) or 24 degrees C (warm) for 2 weeks and then transferred to fresh water (FW) or SW at the respective temperature. Transfer to FW for two weeks resulted in decreased blood osmolalities and plasma Cl- at both temperatures. In FW warm conditions, plasma Na+ was similar to 15% lower and Cl- was similar to 32% higher than in the temperate-water group. Branchial Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) activity measured at the acclimation temperature (V-apparent) did not change according to the conditions. Branchial Na+/K+-ATPase activity measured at 37 degrees C (V-max) was lower in warm conditions and increased in FW compared to SW conditions whatever the considered temperature. Mitochondrion-rich cell (MRC) density increased in FW, notably due to the appearance of lamellar MRCs, but this increase was less pronounced in warm conditions where MRC's size was lower. In SW warm conditions, pavement cell apical microridges are less developed than in other conditions. Overall gill morphometrical parameters (filament thickness, lamellar length and width) differ between fish that have been pre acclimated to different temperatures. This study shows that a thermal change affects gill plasticity affecting whole-organism ion balance two weeks after salinity transfer.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1095-6433 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2260
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