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Auteur Chahinian, N.; Bancon-Montigny, C.; Caro, A.; Got, P.; Perrin, J.L.; Rosain, D.; Rodier, C.; Picot, B.; Tournoud, M.G.
Titre The role of river sediments in contamination storage downstream of a waste water treatment plant in low flow conditions: Organotins, faecal indicator bacteria and nutrients Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume 114 Numéro Pages 70-81
Mots-Clés Thau lagoon (France); anthropogenic pollution; priority substances; river-coastal lagoon continuum; sediment–water column interactions; water quality
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ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 895
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Auteur CORMON, X.; LOOTS, C.; VAZ, S.; VERMARD, Y.; MARCHAL, P.
Titre Spatial interactions between saithe (Pollachius virens) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the North Sea Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal Of Marine Science
Volume 71 Numéro 6 Pages 1342-1355
Mots-Clés biotic interactions; competition; Generalized linear models; Hake; North sea; overlap; predator-prey relationship; saithe; species distribution modelling
Résumé Spatial interactions between saithe (Pollachius virens) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) were investigated in the North Sea. Saithe is a well-established species in the North Sea, while occurrence of the less common hake has recently increased in the area. Spatial dynamics of these two species and their potential spatial interactions were explored using binomial generalized linear models (GLM) applied to the International Bottom Trawl Survey (IBTS) data from 1991 to 2012. Models included different types of variables: (i) abiotic variables including sediment types, temperature, and bathymetry; (ii) biotic variables including potential competitors and potential preys presence; and (iii) spatial variables. The models were reduced and used to predict and map probable habitats of saithe, hake but also, for the first time in the North Sea, the distribution of the spatial overlap between these two species. Changes in distribution patterns of these two species and of their overlap were also investigated by comparing species' presence and overlap probabilities predicted over an early (1991–1996) and a late period (2007–2012). The results show an increase in the probability over time of the overlap between saithe and hake along with an expansion towards the southwest and Scottish waters. These shifts follow trends observed in temperature data and might be indirectly induced by climate changes. Saithe, hake, and their overlap are positively influenced by potential preys and/or competitors, which confirms spatial co-occurrence of the species concerned and leads to the questions of predator–prey relationships and competition. Finally, the present study provides robust predictions concerning the spatial distribution of saithe, hake, and of their overlap in the North Sea, which may be of interest for fishery managers.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1135
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Auteur Cox, S.L.; Embling, C.B.; Hosegood, P.J.; Votier, S.C.; Ingram, S.N.
Titre Oceanographic drivers of marine mammal and seabird habitat-use across shelf-seas: A guide to key features and recommendations for future research and conservation management Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
Volume 212 Numéro Pages 294-310
Mots-Clés Bio-physical coupling; bottle-nosed dolphins; california current system; coastal upwelling system; Conservation management; ecosystem-based management; Foraging ecology; Habitat selection; Marine mammals; Oceanography; porpoise phocoena-phocoena; predator-prey interactions; Seabirds; southeastern bering-sea; st-george island; thin zooplankton layers; tidal-stream environments
Résumé Mid-latitude (similar to 30-60 degrees) seasonally stratifying shelf-seas support a high abundance and diversity of marine predators such as marine mammals and seabirds. However, anthropogenic activities and climate change impacts are driving changes in the distributions and population dynamics of these animals, with negative consequences for ecosystem functioning. Across mid-latitude shelf-seas marine mammals and seabirds are known to forage across a number of oceanographic habitats that structure the spatio-temporal distributions of prey fields. Knowledge of these and the bio-physical mechanisms driving such associations are needed to improve marine management and policy. Here, we provide a concise and easily accessible guide for both researchers and managers of marine systems on the predominant oceanographic habitats that are favoured for foraging by marine mammals and seabirds across mid-latitude shelf-seas. We (1) identify and describe key discrete physical features present across the continental shelf, working inshore from the shelf-edge to the shore line, (2) provide an overview of findings relating to associations between these habitats and marine mammals and seabirds, (3) identify areas for future research and (4) discuss the relevance of such information to conservation management. We show that oceanographic features preferentially foraged at by marine mammals and seabirds include shelf edge fronts, upwelling and tidal-mixing fronts, offshore banks and internal waves, regions of stratification, and topographically complex coastal areas subject to strong tidal flow. Whilst associations were variable across taxa and through space and time, in the majority of cases interactions between bathymetry and tidal currents appear to play a dominant role, alongside patterns in seasonal stratification and shelf-edge upwelling. We suggest that the ecological significance of these bio-physical structures stems from a capacity to alter the densities, distributions (both horizontally and vertically) and/or behaviours of prey in a persistent and/or predictable manner that increases accessibility for predators, and likely enhances foraging efficiency. Future conservation management should aim to preserve and protect these habitats. This will require adaptive and holistic strategies that are specifically tailored to the characteristics of an oceanographic feature, and where necessary, evolve through space and time in response to spatio-temporal variability. Improved monitoring of animal movements and biophysical conditions across shelf-seas would aid in this. Areas for future research include multi-disciplinary/ trophic studies of the mechanisms linking bio-physical processes, prey and marine mammals and seabirds (which may elucidate the importance of lesser studied features such as bottom fronts and Langmuir circulation cells), alongside a better understanding of how predators perceive their environment and develop foraging strategies during immature/juvenile stages. Estimates of the importance of oceanographic habitat features at a population level should also be obtained. Such information is vital to ensuring the future health of these complex ecosystems, and can be used to assess how anthropogenic activities and future environmental changes will impact the functioning and spatio-temporal dynamics of these bio-physical features and their use by marine predators.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2428
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Auteur Dandonneau, Y.; Masson, S.; Duteil, O.; Izumo, T.; Boyer Montégut de, C.; Vialard, J.; Marsac, F.; Menkes, C.; Kennan, S.; Duvel, J.P.; key, E.; McPhaden, M.J.; Bouruet-Aubertot, P.; Ward, B.; Weill, A.; Bourras, D.; Weller, R.; Minnett, P.; Cassou, C.; Eymard, L.; Fristedt, T.; Basdevant, C.
Titre Air-sea interactions in the Seychelles-Chagos thermocline ridge region Type Article scientifique
Année 2009 Publication Revue Abrégée Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc.
Volume 90 Numéro 1 Pages 45-61
Mots-Clés ocean-atmosphere interactions; South Western Indian Ocean
Résumé A field experiment in the southwestern Indian Ocean provides new insights into ocean–atmosphere interactions in a key climatic region.
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Langue Eng Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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ISSN 0003-0007 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 14
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Auteur de Lorgeril, J.; Escoubas, J.-M.; Loubiere, V.; Pernet, F.; Le Gall, P.; Vergnes, A.; Aujoulat, F.; Jeannot, J.-L.; Jumas-Bilak, E.; Got, P.; Gueguen, Y.; Destoumieux-Garzón, D.; Bachère, E.
Titre Inefficient immune response is associated with microbial permissiveness in juvenile oysters affected by mass mortalities on field Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Volume 77 Numéro Pages 156-163
Mots-Clés Host pathogen interaction; Innate immunity; Invertebrate; Mollusk; mortality; Total bacteria
Résumé Since 2008, juvenile Crassostrea gigas oysters have suffered from massive mortalities in European farming areas. This disease of complex etiology is still incompletely understood. Triggered by an elevated seawater temperature, it has been associated to infections by a herpes virus named OsHV-1 as well as pathogenic vibrios of the Splendidus clade. Ruling out the complexity of the disease, most of our current knowledge has been acquired in controlled experiments. Among the many unsolved questions, it is still ignored what role immunity plays in the capacity oysters have to survive an infectious episode. Here we show that juvenile oysters susceptible to the disease mount an inefficient immune response associated with microbial permissiveness and death. We found that, in contrast to resistant adult oysters having survived an earlier episode of mortality, susceptible juvenile oysters never exposed to infectious episodes died by more than 90% in a field experiment. Susceptible oysters were heavily colonized by OsHV-1 herpes virus as well as bacteria including vibrios potentially pathogenic for oysters, which proliferated in oyster flesh and body fluids during the mortality event. Nonetheless, susceptible oysters were found to sense microbes as indicated by an overexpression of immune receptors and immune signaling pathways. However, they did not express important immune effectors involved in antimicrobial immunity and apoptosis and showed repressed expression of genes involved in ROS and metal homeostasis. This contrasted with resistant oysters, which expressed those important effectors, controlled bacterial and viral colonization and showed 100% survival to the mortality event. Altogether, our results demonstrate that the immune response mounted by susceptible oysters lacks some important immune functions and fails in controlling microbial proliferation. This study opens the way to more holistic studies on the “mass mortality syndrome”, which are now required to decipher the sequence of events leading to oyster mortalities and determine the relative weight of pathogens, oyster genetics and oyster-associated microbiota in the disease.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1050-4648 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2354
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