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Auteur Kermagoret, C.; Claudet, J.; Derolez, V.; Nugues, M.M.; Ouisse, V.; Quillien, N.; Bailly, D.
Titre Dataset on marine ecosystem services supplied by coral reefs, sandy beaches and coastal lagoons in different eutrophication states Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Data Brief
Volume 25 Numéro Pages 104078
Mots-Clés dinoflagellate; Ecosystem services; Eutrophication; Marine biodiversity; Marine ecosystems; patterns
Résumé This data article provides indicators of Ecosystem Service (ES) supply for coral reefs, sandy beaches and coastal lagoons in different ecological states regarding eutrophication. 14 ES are considered: food through fisheries; material; molecules; coastal protection; nutrient regulation; pathogen regulation; climate regulation; support of recreational and leisure activities; contribution to a pleasant landscape; contribution to culture and territorial identity; emblematic biodiversity; habitat; trophic networks; recruitment. For each ecosystem 3 to 4 eutrophication states are described. Indicators of ES supply are filled on the basis of a literature review supplemented with expert-knowledge. A semi-quantification of the indicator value is finally provided. Tendencies and trade-offs between ES are analyzed in How does eutrophication impact bundles of ecosystem services in multiple coastal habitats using state-and-transition models [1]. (c) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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ISSN 2352-3409 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Le Fur, I.; De Wit, R.; Plus, M.; Oheix, J.; Simier, M.; Ouisse, V.
Titre Submerged benthic macrophytes in Mediterranean lagoons: distribution patterns in relation to water chemistry and depth Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Hydrobiologia
Volume 808 Numéro 1 Pages 175-200
Mots-Clés southern france; eutrophication; coastal lagoon; Eutrophication; Depth; Salinity; environmental-factors; seagrass; aquatic vegetation; Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA); canonical correspondence-analysis; French coastal lagoons; potamogeton-pectinatus; spatiotemporal dynamics; Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV); thau-lagoon
Résumé A large spectrum of coastal lagoon types with a wide range of environmental conditions is observed along the French Mediterranean coast. These comprise wide trophic and salinity gradients, ranging from oligotrophic to hypertrophic status, and from nearly freshwater to slightly above marine Mediterranean Sea water salinities, respectively. The statistical analysis of a long-term dataset, including water column variables and observations of macrophyte genera, showed that salinity, depth, and then trophic status, were important factors explaining the distribution of benthic macrophytes for the soft-bottom sediments in the 34 studied French Mediterranean lagoons. Based on this, we assumed that the vegetation succession along the eutrophication gradient was different according to the lagoon salinity ranges. Euhaline and polyhaline lagoons follow the well-known Schramm schematic model, where aquatic angiosperm such as seagrasses dominate under oligotrophic conditions, and opportunistic macroalgae and phytoplankton dominate under eutrophic and hypertrophic conditions. In oligohaline and mesohaline lagoons, the succession is probably an intermediate scheme between the successions observed in small temperate lakes and in marine coastal ecosystems due to the presence of both brackish and freshwater species. We thus propose a conceptual scheme for the oligohaline and mesohaline lagoons.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0018-8158 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Leruste, A.; Pasqualini, V.; Garrido, M.; Malet, N.; De Wit, R.; Bec, B.
Titre Physiological and behavioral responses of phytoplankton communities to nutrient availability in a disturbed Mediterranean coastal lagoon Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume 219 Numéro Pages 176-188
Mots-Clés Dilution experiment; Eutrophication; Functional traits; Growth rate
Résumé Short-term bioassays were conducted in Biguglia lagoon (Corsica) to study the physiological and behavioral responses of phytoplankton to N- and P-availability. Natural communities were collected in two stations representative of the two sub-basins, at three periods with contrasting environmental characteristics to address the impact of seasonal variability. These samples were separately enriched with a full N and P enrichment, and with enrichments minus N or minus P. Phytoplankton size structuration, diversity, and growth of the total phytoplankton, the micro-, nano- and ultraphytoplankton were evaluated using spectrofluorimetry, and optical microscopy. Results showed that the communities were fueled by NO3− in the wet periods (autumn and spring) and NH4+ in summer. The phytoplankton communities displayed highest cell size in autumn, with high abundances of nanoflagellates, and smallest cell size in summer with a large dominance of phycocyanin-rich picocyanobacteria. Blooms of dinoflagellates also occurred during the wet periods, coinciding with high N:P ratios. The full enrichment has not stimulated phytoplankton growth in autumn, suggesting the importance of other controlling factors such as light, a possible NH4+ inhibition or the use of mixotrophic abilities. In spring, communities have displayed single P-limitation in the northern basin and different N and P co-limitations in the southern basin. In summer, the full enrichment consistently stimulated the growth of all cell sizes. The communities showed high N and P co-limitations, which is consistent with growing observations in aquatic ecosystems, and reflects the different functional responses of phytoplankton communities to the nutrient availability.
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ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Llope, M.; Daskalov, G.M.; Rouyer, T.; Mihneva, V.; Chan, K.-S.; Grishin, A.N.; Stenseth, N.C.
Titre Overfishing of top predators eroded the resilience of the Black Sea system regardless of the climate and anthropogenic conditions Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Global Change Biology
Volume 17 Numéro 3 Pages 1251-1265
Mots-Clés Black Sea; ecological thresholds; ecosystem resilience; eutrophication; Gam; Regime shifts; Scenarios; trophic regulation
Résumé It is well known that human activities, such as harvesting, have had major direct effects on marine ecosystems. However, it is far less acknowledged that human activities in the surroundings might have important effects on marine systems. There is growing evidence suggesting that major reorganization (i.e., a regime shift) is a common feature in the temporal evolution of a marine system. Here we show, and quantify, the interaction of human activities (nutrient upload) with a favourable climate (run-off) and its contribution to the eutrophication of the Black Sea in the 1980s. Based on virtual analysis of the bottom-up (eutrophication) vs. top-down (trophic cascades) effects, we found that an earlier onset of eutrophication could have counteracted the restructuring of the trophic regulation at the base of the food web that resulted from the depletion of top predators in the 1970s. These enhanced bottom-up effects would, however, not propagate upwards in the food web beyond the zooplankton level. Our simulations identified the removal of apex predators as a key element in terms of loss of resilience that inevitably leads to a reorganization. Once the food web has been truncated, the type and magnitude of interventions on the group replacing the apex predator as the new upper trophic level have no effect in preventing the trophic cascade. By characterizing the tipping point at which increased bottom-up forcing exactly counteracts the top-down cascading effects, our results emphasize the importance of a comprehensive analysis that take into account all structuring forces at play (including those beyond the marine system) at a given time.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1365-2486 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Mouton, T.L.; Matheson, F.E.; Stephenson, F.; Champion, P.D.; Wadhwa, S.; Hamer, M.P.; Catlin, A.; Riis, T.
Titre Environmental filtering of native and non-native stream macrophyte assemblages by habitat disturbances in an agricultural landscape Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Sci. Total Environ.
Volume 659 Numéro Pages 1370-1381
Mots-Clés Agricultural impacts; classification; ecological impacts; eutrophication; Functional diversity; functional diversity measures; Functional traits; land-use; management; metaanalysis; Non-native flora; restoration; RLQ and fourth-corner analyses; species traits; trait responses
Résumé Understanding how inter-specific variation in functional traits affects native and non-native species responses to stream disturbances, is necessary to inform management strategies, providing tools for biomonitoring, conservation and restoration. This study used a functional trait approach to characterise the responses of macrophyte assemblages to reach-scale disturbances (measured by lack of riparian shading, altered hydromorphology and eutrophication), from 97 wadeable stream sites in an agriculturally impacted region of New Zealand. To determine whether macrophyte assemblages differed due to disturbances, we examined multidimensional assemblage functional structure in relation to eleven functional traits and further related two functional diversity indices (entropy and originality) to disturbances. Macrophyte assemblages showed distinct patterns in response to disturbances, with riparian shading and hydromorphological conditions being the strongest variables shaping macrophyte functional structure. In the multidimensional space, most of the non-native species were associatedwith disturbed conditions. These species had traits allowing faster colonisation rates (higher number of reproductive organs and larger root-rhizome system) and superior competitive abilities for resources (tall and dense canopy, heterophylly and greater preferences for light and nitrogen). In addition, lack of riparian shading increased the abundance of functionally distinct species (i.e. entropy), and eutrophication resulted in the growth of functionally unique species (i.e. originality). We demonstrated that stream reach-scale habitat disturbances were associated to a dominance of more productive species, equating to a greater abundance of non-native species. This, can result in a displacement of native species, habitat alterations, and changes to higher trophic level assemblages. Our results suggests that reachscale management efforts such as the conservation and restoration of riparian vegetation that provides substantial shading and hydromorphologically diverse in-stream habitat, would have beneficial direct and indirect effects on ecosystem functioning, and contribute to the mitigation of land-use impacts. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0048-9697 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2571
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