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Auteur (up) Albo-Puigserver, M.; Munoz, A.; Navarro, J.; Coll, M.; Pethybridge, H.; Sanchez, S.; Palomera, I. doi  openurl
  Titre Ecological energetics of forage fish from the Mediterranean Sea: Seasonal dynamics and interspecific differences Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Deep-Sea Res. Part II-Top. Stud. Oceanogr.  
  Volume 140 Numéro Pages 74-82  
  Mots-Clés anchovy engraulis-encrasicolus; Bioenergetics; climate-change; diet composition; Energy density; environmental variability; feeding-habits; food webs; horse mackerel; Mediterranean Sea; north aegean sea; osteichthyes carangidae; sardine sardina-pilchardus; small pelagic fish  
  Résumé Small and medium pelagic fishes play a central role in marine food webs by transferring energy from plankton to top predators. In this study, direct calorimetry was used to analyze the energy density of seven pelagic species collected over four seasons from the western Mediterranean Sea: anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus, sardine Sardina pilchardus, round sardinella Sardinella aurita, horse mackerels Trachurus trachurus and T. mediterraneus, and mackerels Scomber scombrus and S. colias. Inter-specific differences in energy density were linked to spawning period, energy allocation strategies for reproduction and growth, and feeding ecologies. Energy density of each species varied over time, with the exception of S. colitis, likely due to its high energetic requirements related to migration throughout the year. In general, higher energy density was observed in spring for all species, regardless of their breeding strategy, probably as a consequence of the late-winter phytoplankton bloom. These results provide new insights into the temporal availability of energy in the pelagic ecosystem of the Mediterranean Sea, which are pivotal for understanding how the population dynamics of small and medium pelagic fishes and their predators may respond to environmental changes and fishing impacts. In addition, the differences found in energy density between species highlighted the importance of using species specific energy values in ecosystem assessment tools such as bioenergetic and food web models.  
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  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0967-0645 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2176  
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Auteur (up) Brosset, P.; Lloret, J.; Munoz, M.; Fauvel, C.; Van Beveren, E.; Marques, V.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Menard, F.; Saraux, C. doi  openurl
  Titre Body reserves mediate trade-offs between life-history traits: new insights from small pelagic fish reproduction Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée R. Soc. Open Sci.  
  Volume 3 Numéro 10 Pages 160202  
  Mots-Clés anchovy; clutch size; daily egg-production; empirical-evidence; energy allocation; environmental variability; herring clupea-harengus; maternal effect; mediterranean sardine; northwest Mediterranean; phenotypic plasticity; sardina-pilchardus; sardine; upwelling systems  
  Résumé Limited resources in the environment prevent individuals from simultaneouslymaximizing all life-history traits, resulting in trade-offs. In particular, the cost of reproduction is well known to negatively affect energy investment in growth and maintenance. Here, we investigated these trade-offs during contrasting periods of high versus low fish size and body condition (before/after 2008) in the Gulf of Lions. Female reproductive allocation and performance in anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) and sardine (Sardina pilchardus) were examined based onmorphometric historical data from the 1970s and from 2003 to 2015. Additionally, potential maternal effects on egg quantity and quality were examined in 2014/2015. After 2008, the gonadosomatic index increased for sardine and remained steady for anchovy, while a strong decline in mean length at first maturity indicated earlier maturation for both species. Regarding maternal effects, for both species egg quantity was positively linked to fish size but not to fish lipid reserves, while the egg quality was positively related to lipid reserves. Atresia prevalence and intensity were rather low regardless of fish condition and size. Finally, estimations of total annual numbers of eggs spawned indicated a sharp decrease for sardine since 2008 but a slight increase for anchovy during the last 5 years. This study revealed a biased allocation towards reproduction in small pelagic fish when confronted with a really low body condition. This highlights that fish can maintain high reproductive investment potentially at the cost of other traits which might explain the present disappearance of old and large individuals in the Gulf of Lions.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2054-5703 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1692  
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Auteur (up) PETHYBRIDGE, H.; ROOS, D.; LOIZEAU, V.; PECQUERIE, L.; BACHER, C. url  openurl
  Titre Responses of European anchovy vital rates and population growth to environmental fluctuations: An individual-based modeling approach Type Article scientifique
  Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecological Modelling  
  Volume 250 Numéro Pages 370-383  
  Mots-Clés Dynamic Energy Budget theory; Engraulis encrasicolus; Environmental variability; Fecundity; growth; NW Mediterranean Sea  
  Résumé A size-structured, bioenergetics model was implemented to examine the effects of short-term environmental changes on European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, in the North-western Mediterranean Sea. The model approach was based on Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory and details the acquisition and allocation of energy (J d(-1)) during an organisms' full life-cycle. Model calibration was achieved using biometric data collected from the Gulf of Lions between 2002 and 2011. Bioenergetics simulations successfully captured ontogenetic and seasonal growth patterns, including active growth in spring/summer, loss of mass in autumn/winter and the timing and amplitude of multi-batch spawning events. Scenario analysis determined that vital rates (growth and fecundity) were highly sensitive to short-term environmental changes. The DEB model provided a robust foundation for the implementation of an individual-based population model (IBM) in which we used to test the responses of intrinsic and density-independent population growth rates (r) to observed and projected environmental variability. IBM projections estimate that r could be reduced by as much as 15% (relative to that estimated under mean conditions) due to either a 5% (0.8 degrees C) drop in temperature (due to a reduced spawning duration), a 18% (25 mg zooplankton m(-3)) depletion in food supply, a 30% increase in egg mortality rates, or with the phytoplankton bloom peaking 5 weeks earlier (in late-February/Winter). The sensitivity of r to short-term (1 year) and long-term (4-10 year) environmental changes were similar, highlighting the importance of first-year spawners. In its current form, the models presented here could be incorporated into spatially-explicit, higher-trophic (predator-prey and end-to-end ecosystem), larval-dispersal and toxicokinetic models or adapted to other short-lived foraging fish (clupeid) species. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  
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  ISSN 0304-3800 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 248  
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Auteur (up) Thorne, L.H.; Hazen, E.L.; Bograd, S.J.; Foley, D.G.; Conners, M.G.; Kappes, M.A.; Kim, H.M.; Costa, D.P.; Tremblay, Y.; Shaffer, S.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Foraging behavior links climate variability and reproduction in North Pacific albatrosses Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Movement Ecology  
  Volume 3 Numéro 1 Pages 27  
  Mots-Clés Albatross; Climate; Environmental variability; Movement; Reproductive success  
  Résumé Climate-driven environmental change in the North Pacific has been well documented, with marked effects on the habitat and foraging behavior of marine predators. However, the mechanistic linkages connecting climate-driven changes in behavior to predator populations are not well understood. We evaluated the effects of climate-driven environmental variability on the reproductive success and foraging behavior of Laysan and Black-footed albatrosses breeding in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands during both brooding and incubating periods. We assessed foraging trip metrics and reproductive success using data collected from 2002–2012 and 1981–2012, respectively, relative to variability in the location of the Transition Zone Chlorophyll Front (TZCF, an important foraging region for albatrosses), sea surface temperature (SST), Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI), and the North Pacific Gyre Oscillation index (NPGO).  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2051-3933 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1462  
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