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Auteur Mante, C.; Kide, S.O.; Yao-Lafourcade, A.-F.; Mérigot, B. doi  openurl
  Titre Fitting the truncated negative binomial distribution to count data A comparison of estimators, with an application to groundfishes from the Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone Type Article scientifique
  Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ. Ecol. Stat.  
  Volume 23 Numéro 3 Pages 359-385  
  Mots-Clés Birth-and-dead models; classification; curves; diversity; habitat; Log-series; Minimum Hellinger distance; Negative binomial; parametric models; population; series; Species abundance; species abundance distributions; zeros  
  Résumé Modeling empirical distributions of repeated counts with parametric probability distributions is a frequent problem when studying species abundance. One must choose a family of distributions which is flexible enough to take into account very diverse patterns and possess parameters with clear biological/ecological interpretations. The negative binomial distribution fulfills these criteria and was selected for modeling counts of marine fish and invertebrates. This distribution depends on a vector of parameters, and ranges from the Poisson distribution (when ) to Fisher's log-series, when . Moreover, these parameters have biological/ecological interpretations which are detailed in the literature and in this study. We compared three estimators of K, and the parameter of Fisher's log-series, following the work of Rao CR (Statistical ecology. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, 1971) on a three-parameter unstandardized variant of the negative binomial distribution. We further investigated the coherence underlying parameter values resulting from the different estimators, using both real count data collected in the Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone (MEEZ) during the period 1987-2010 and realistic simulations of these data. In the case of the MEEZ, we first built homogeneous lists of counts (replicates), by gathering observations of each species with respect to “typical environments” obtained by clustering the sampled stations. The best estimation of was generally obtained by penalized minimum Hellinger distance estimation. Interestingly, the parameters of most of the correctly sampled species seem compatible with the classical birth-and-dead model of population growth with immigration by Kendall (Biometrika 35:6-15, 1948).  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1352-8505 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2067  
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Auteur Bertrand, A.; Habasque, J.; Hattab, T.; Hintzen, N.T.; Oliveros-Ramos, R.; Gutierrez, M.; Demarcq, H.; Gerlotto, F. doi  openurl
  Titre 3-D habitat suitability of jack mackerel Trachurus murphyi in the Southeastern Pacific, a comprehensive study Type Article scientifique
  Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Prog. Oceanogr.  
  Volume 146 Numéro Pages 199-211  
  Mots-Clés anchovy; carangidae; chile; distribution models; distributions; dynamics; Ecology; ecosystem; peru; population-structure  
  Résumé South Pacific jack mackerel, Trachurus murphyi, has an ocean-scale distribution, from the South American coastline to New Zealand and Tasmania. This fish, captured by Humans since the Holocene, is nowadays heavily exploited and its population has decreased substantially since the mid-1990s. The uncertainty associated to jack mackerel population structure currently hampers management. Several hypotheses have been proposed from a single population up to several discrete populations. Still no.definitive answer was given. Determining how environmental conditions drive jack mackerel distribution can provide insights on its population structure. To do so, here we performed in three steps. First, we used satellite data to develop a statistical model of jack mackerel horizontal habitat suitability. Model predictions based on interaction between temperature and chlorophyll-a match the observed jack mackerel distribution, even during extreme El Nino event. Second, we studied the impact of oxygen and show that jack mackerel distribution and abundance is correlated to oxygen over a wide variety of scales and avoid low oxygen areas and periods. Third, on the basis of the above we built a conceptual 3D model of jack mackerel habitat in the Southeastern Pacific. We reveal the presence of a low suitable habitat along the Chilean and Peruvian coast, figuratively presenting a closed door caused by a gap in the horizontal habitat at 19-22 S and a shallow oxycline off south-centre Peru. This kind of situation likely occurs on a seasonal basis, in austral summer but also at longer temporal scales. A lack of exchanges at some periods/seasons partially isolate jack mackerel distributed off Peru. On the other hand the continuity in the habitat during most of the year explains why exchanges occur. We conclude that the more likely population structure for jack mackerel is a pelagic metapopulation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1639  
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Auteur Lopez, N.; Navarro, J.; Barria, C.; Albo-Puigserver, M.; Coll, M.; Palomera, I. doi  openurl
  Titre Feeding ecology of two demersal opportunistic predators coexisting in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea Type Article scientifique
  Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.  
  Volume 175 Numéro Pages 15-23  
  Mots-Clés abundance; anglerfish lophius-budegassa; Black anglerfish; communities; diet; fish; habits; linnaeus; Lophius budegassa; Lophius piscatorius; osteichthyes; piscatorius; Spatial distributions; Stable isotopes; Stomach contents; Trophic ecology; White anglerfish  
  Résumé The study of the feeding ecology of marine organisms is crucial to understanding their ecological roles and advancing our knowledge of marine ecosystem functioning. The aim of this study was to analyse the trophic ecology of two demersal predator species, black anglerfish (Lophius budegassa) and white anglerfish (L. piscatorius), in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Both species are important in the study area due to their high abundance and economic value, but information about their feeding behaviour is scarce. Here, we described the diet composition and ecological role of these two species, investigating whether trophic segregation exists between them and amongst fish of different sizes. In addition, by using experimental survey data we described the spatial distribution of both species to help us interpret trophic behaviour patterns. We gathered samples of two different sizes (small individuals of a total length <30 cm and large individuals >= 30 cm) of both species and combined stomach content analyses (SCA) and stable isotope analyses (SIA) of nitrogen and carbon with isotopic mixing models. Our results revealed that both anglerfish species are opportunistic predators, showing a diet composed mainly of fishes and, to a lesser extent, of crustaceans, with a small proportion of cephalopods, gastropods, bivalves and echinoderms. We found trophic segregation between the two species and the two sizes, indicating that they feed on different prey, in line with differences in their spatial distribution within the study area. This partial partition of food resources could also be explained by the differences in rhythms of activity that were reported in previous studies. In addition, although both species occupied a high position within the food web, our results showed that white anglerfish individuals and the large-sized fish of both species held higher trophic positions. This study demonstrates the usefulness of complementary approaches for trophic studies and confirms that both anglerfish species play an important role as predators in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea food web. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1647  
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Auteur Kadowaki, K.; Barbera, C.G.; Godsoe, W.; Delsuc, F.; Mouquet, N. doi  openurl
  Titre Predicting biotic interactions and their variability in a changing environment Type Article scientifique
  Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Biol. Lett.  
  Volume 12 Numéro 5 Pages 20151073  
  Mots-Clés Bacteria; climate-change; climate change; distribution models; diversity; extinction risk; global change; microcosm; phylogeny; predictive ecology; range; responses; shifts  
  Résumé Global environmental change is altering the patterns of biodiversity worldwide. Observation and theory suggest that species' distributions and abundances depend on a suite of processes, notably abiotic filtering and biotic interactions, both of which are constrained by species' phylogenetic history. Models predicting species distribution have historically mostly considered abiotic filtering and are only starting to integrate biotic interaction. However, using information on present interactions to forecast the future of biodiversity supposes that biotic interactions will not change when species are confronted with new environments. Using bacterial microcosms, we illustrate how biotic interactions can vary along an environmental gradient and how this variability can depend on the phylogenetic distance between interacting species.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1744-9561 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1653  
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Auteur Boavida, J.; Assis, J.; Silva, I.; Serrao, E.A. doi  openurl
  Titre Overlooked habitat of a vulnerable gorgonian revealed in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic by ecological niche modelling Type Article scientifique
  Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Sci Rep  
  Volume 6 Numéro Pages 36460  
  Mots-Clés climate-change; marine ecosystems; octocorals; paramuricea-clavata; prediction; sea; species distribution models; suitability; temperature; validation  
  Résumé Factors shaping the distribution of mesophotic octocorals (30-200 m depth) remain poorly understood, potentially leaving overlooked coral areas, particularly near their bathymetric and geographic distributional limits. Yet, detailed knowledge about habitat requirements is crucial for conservation of sensitive gorgonians. Here we use Ecological Niche Modelling (ENM) relating thirteen environmental predictors and a highly comprehensive presence dataset, enhanced by SCUBA diving surveys, to investigate the suitable habitat of an important structuring species, Paramuricea clavata, throughout its distribution (Mediterranean and adjacent Atlantic). Models showed that temperature (11.5-25.5 degrees C) and slope are the most important predictors carving the niche of P. clavata. Prediction throughout the full distribution (TSS 0.9) included known locations of P. clavata alongside with previously unknown or unreported sites along the coast of Portugal and Africa, including seamounts. These predictions increase the understanding of the potential distribution for the northern Mediterranean and indicate suitable hard bottom areas down to > 150 m depth. Poorly sampled habitats with predicted presence along Algeria, Alboran Sea and adjacent Atlantic coasts encourage further investigation. We propose that surveys of target areas from the predicted distribution map, together with local expert knowledge, may lead to discoveries of new P. clavata sites and identify priority conservation areas.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2045-2322 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1680  
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