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Auteur Corrales, X.; Coll, M.; Tecchio, S.; Bellido, J.M.; Fernández, Á.M.; Palomera, I.
Titre Ecosystem structure and fishing impacts in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea using a food web model within a comparative approach Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Marine Systems
Volume 148 Numéro Pages 183-199
Mots-Clés comparative approach; Ecopath model; ecosystem approach to fisheries; fishing impacts; Mass-balance model; Northwestern Mediterranean Sea
Résumé We developed an ecological model to characterize the structure and functioning of the marine continental shelf and slope area of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, from Toulon to Cape La Nao (NWM model), in the early 2000s. The model included previously modeled areas in the NW Mediterranean (the Gulf of Lions and the Southern Catalan Sea) and expanded their ranges, covering 45,547 km2, with depths from 0 to 1000 m. The study area was chosen to specifically account for the connectivity between the areas and shared fish stocks and fleets. Input data were based on local scientific surveys and fishing statistics, published data on stomach content analyses, and the application of empirical equations to estimate consumption and production rates. The model was composed of 54 functional groups, from primary producers to top predators, and Spanish and French fishing fleets were considered. Results were analyzed using ecological indicators and compared with outputs from ecosystem models developed in the Mediterranean Sea and the Gulf of Cadiz prior to this study. Results showed that the main trophic flows were associated with detritus, phytoplankton, zooplankton and benthic invertebrates. Several high trophic level organisms (such as dolphins, benthopelagic cephalopods, large demersal fishes from the continental shelf, and other large pelagic fishes), and the herbivorous salema fish, were identified as keystone groups within the ecosystem. Results confirmed that fishing impact was high and widespread throughout the food web. The comparative approach highlighted that, despite productivity differences, the ecosystems shared common features in structure and functioning traits such as the important role of detritus, the dominance of the pelagic fraction in terms of flows and the importance of benthic–pelagic coupling.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
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Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0924-7963 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1327
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Auteur KLEISNER, K.M.; COLL, M.; LYNAM, C.P.; BUNDY, A.; SHANNON, L.; SHIN, Y.-J.; BOLDT, J.L.; BORGES, M.F.; DIALLO, I.; FOX, clive; GASCUEL, D.; HEYMANS, J.J.; JUAN JORDA, M.J.; JOUFFRE, D.; LARGE, S.I.; MARSHALL, K.N.; OJAVEER, H.; PIRODDI, C.; TAM, J.; TORRES, M.A.; TRAVERS-TROLET, M.; TSAGARAKIS, K.; VAN DER MEEREN, G.I.; ZADOR, S.
Titre Evaluating changes in marine communities that provide ecosystem services through comparative assessments of community indicators Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Ecosystem Services Revue Abrégée
Volume 16 Numéro Pages 413-429
Mots-Clés Ecological indicator; Comparative approach; Community metric; IndiSeas; Fishing impacts
Résumé Fisheries provide critical provisioning services, especially given increasing human population. Understanding where marine communities are declining provides an indication of ecosystems of concern and highlights potential conflicts between seafood provisioning from wild fisheries and other ecosystem services. Here we use the nonparametric statistic, Kendall׳s tau, to assess trends in biomass of exploited marine species across a range of ecosystems. The proportion of ‘Non-Declining Exploited Species’ (NDES) is compared among ecosystems and to three community-level indicators that provide a gauge of the ability of a marine ecosystem to function both in provisioning and as a regulating service: survey-based mean trophic level, proportion of predatory fish, and mean life span. In some ecosystems, NDES corresponds to states and temporal trajectories of the community indicators, indicating deteriorating conditions in both the exploited community and in the overall community. However differences illustrate the necessity of using multiple ecological indicators to reflect the state of the ecosystem. For each ecosystem, we discuss patterns in NDES with respect to the community-level indicators and present results in the context of ecosystem-specific drivers. We conclude that using NDES requires context-specific supporting information in order to provide guidance within a management framework.
Adresse Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Elsevier BV Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 2212-0416 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 36555 collection 1233
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Auteur Shannon, L.J.; Coll, M.; Yemane, D.; Jouffre, D.; Neira, S.; Bertrand, A.; Diaz, E.; Shin, Y.J.
Titre Comparing data-based indicators across upwelling and comparable systems for communicating ecosystem states and trends Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée ICES J. Mar. Sci.
Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 807-832
Mots-Clés adriatic sea; central chile; comparative approach; demersal resources; fishing impacts; food-web; global fisheries; humboldt current system; indicator; nw mediterranean sea; pelagic fish; regime shifts; southern benguela; upwelling
Résumé Shannon, L. J., Coll, M., Yemane, D., Jouffre, D., Neira, S., Bertrand, A., Diaz, E., and Shin, Y-J. 2010. Comparing data-based indicators across upwelling and comparable systems for communicating ecosystem states and trends. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 807-832.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 482
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Auteur Shin, Y.-J.; Bundy, A.; Shannon, L.J.; Simier, M.; Coll, M.; Fulton, E.A.; Link, J.S.; Jouffre, D.; Ojaveer, H.; Mackinson, S.; Heymans, J.J.; Raid, T.
Titre Can simple be useful and reliable? Using ecological indicators to represent and compare the states of marine ecosystems Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science
Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 717-731
Mots-Clés comparative approach; indicators; marine ecosystems; reference levels; thresholds
Résumé Within the IndiSeas WG, the evaluation of exploited marine ecosystems has several steps, from simple binary categorization of ecosystems to a more-complex attempt to rank them and to evaluate their status using decision-tree analyses. With the intention of communicating scientific knowledge to the public and stakeholders, focus is on evaluating and comparing the status of exploited marine ecosystems using a set of six ecological indicators and a simple and transparent graphic representation of ecosystem state (pie charts). A question that arose was whether it was acceptable to compare different types of marine ecosystems using a generic set of indicators. To this end, an attempt is made to provide reference levels to which ecosystems can be objectively compared. Unacceptable thresholds for each indicator are determined based on ecological expertise derived from a questionnaire distributed to a group of scientific experts. Analysis of the questionnaires revealed no significant difference in the thresholds provided for different ecosystem types, suggesting that it was reasonable to compare states directly across different types of ecosystem using the set of indicators selected.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 105
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Auteur Shin, Y.-J.; Shannon, L.J.; Bundy, A.; Coll, M.; Aydin, K.; Bez, N.; Blanchard, J.L.; Borges, M.D.; Diallo, I.; Diaz, E.; Heymans, J.J.; Hill, L.; Johannesen, E.; Jouffre, D.; Kifani, S.; Labrosse, P.; Link, J.S.; Mackinson, S.; Masski, H.; Mollmann, C.; Neira, S.; Ojaveer, H.; Abdallahi, K.O.M.; Perry, I.; Thiao, D.; Yemane, D.; Cury, P.
Titre Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 2. Setting the scene Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science
Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 692-716
Mots-Clés comparative approach; ecological indicators; ecosystem effects of fishing; exploited marine ecosystems; IndiSeas
Résumé Background is provided to the selection of ecological indicators by the IndiSeas Working Group, and the methodology adopted for analysis and comparison of indicators across exploited marine ecosystems is documented. The selected indicators are presented, how they are calculated is explained, and the philosophy behind the comparative approach is given. The combination of selected indicators is intended to reflect different dynamics, tracking processes that display differential responses to fishing, and is meant to provide a complementary means of assessing marine ecosystem trends and states. IndiSeas relied on inputs and insights provided by the local experts from participating ecosystems, helping to understand state and trend indicators and to disentangle the effect of other potential ecosystem drivers, such as climate variability. This project showed that the use of simple and available indicators under an ecosystem approach can achieve a real, wide-reaching evaluation of marine ecosystem status caused by fishing. This is important because the socio-economics of areas where fishing activities develop differs significantly around the globe, and in many countries, insufficient data are available for complex and exhaustive analyses.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 107
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