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Auteur Auguet, J.C.; Casamayor, E.O.
Titre A hotspot for cold crenarchaeota in the neuston of high mountain lakes Type Article scientifique
Année 2008 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ Microbiol
Volume 10 Numéro 4 Pages 1080-1086
Mots-Clés 16S/genetics Spain *Water Microbiology; Archaeal/genetics RNA; Biodiversity Crenarchaeota/*classification/genetics/*isolation & purification Fresh Water/*microbiology In Situ Hybridization; Fluorescence Indoles Phylogeny RNA; Ribosomal
Résumé We have surveyed the first 1 m of 10 oligotrophic high mountain lakes in the Central Pyrenees (Spain) for both abundance and predominant phylotypes richness of the archaeaplankton assemblage, using CARD-FISH and 16S rRNA gene sequencing respectively. Archaea inhabiting the air-water surface microlayer (neuston) ranged between 3% and 37% of total 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) counts and were mainly Crenarchaeota of a new freshwater cluster distantly related to the Marine Group 1.1a. Conversely, most of the Archaea from the underlying waters (the remaining first 1 m integrated) were mainly Euryarchaeota of three distantly related branches ranging between 0.4% and 27% of total DAPI counts. Therefore, a consistent qualitative and quantitative spatial segregation was observed for the two main archaeal phyla between neuston and underlying waters at a regional scale. We also observed a consistent pattern along the lakes surveyed between lake area, lake depth and water residence time, and the archaeal enrichment in the neuston: the larger the lake the higher the proportion of archaea in the neuston as compared with abundances from the underlying waters (n = 10 lakes; R(2) > 0.80; P < 0.001, in all three cases). This is the first report identifying a widespread non-thermophilic habitat where freshwater planktonic Crenarchaeota can be found naturally enriched. High mountain lakes offer great research opportunities to explore the ecology of one of the most enigmatic and far from being understood group of prokaryotes.
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Auteur Lliros, M.; Gich, F.; Plasencia, A.; Auguet, J.C.; Darchambeau, F.; Casamayor, E.O.; Descy, J.P.; Borrego, C.
Titre Vertical distribution of ammonia-oxidizing crenarchaeota and methanogens in the epipelagic waters of Lake Kivu (Rwanda-Democratic Republic of the Congo) Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Appl Environ Microbiol
Volume 76 Numéro 20 Pages 6853-6863
Mots-Clés 16S/genetics Sequence Analysis; Ammonia/*metabolism Animals *Biodiversity Cluster Analysis Crenarchaeota/*classification/genetics/isolation & purification/*metabolism DNA Fingerprinting DNA; Archaeal/chemistry/genetics DNA; Archaeal/genetics RNA; DNA Sequence Homology; Fluorescence Methane/*metabolism Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Denaturation Oxidation-Reduction Phylogeny Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA; Nucleic Acid *Water Microbiology; Polyacrylamide Gel Genes; Ribosomal; Ribosomal/chemistry/genetics Democratic Republic of the Congo Electrophoresis; rRNA In Situ Hybridization
Résumé Four stratified basins in Lake Kivu (Rwanda-Democratic Republic of the Congo) were sampled in March 2007 to investigate the abundance, distribution, and potential biogeochemical role of planktonic archaea. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization with catalyzed-reported deposition microscopic counts (CARD-FISH), denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprinting, and quantitative PCR (qPCR) of signature genes for ammonia-oxidizing archaea (16S rRNA for marine Crenarchaeota group 1.1a [MCG1] and ammonia monooxygenase subunit A [amoA]). Abundance of archaea ranged from 1 to 4.5% of total DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) counts with maximal concentrations at the oxic-anoxic transition zone ( approximately 50-m depth). Phylogenetic analysis of the archaeal planktonic community revealed a higher level of richness of crenarchaeal 16S rRNA gene sequences (21 of the 28 operational taxonomic units [OTUs] identified [75%]) over euryarchaeotal ones (7 OTUs). Sequences affiliated with the kingdom Euryarchaeota were mainly recovered from the anoxic water compartment and mostly grouped into methanogenic lineages (Methanosarcinales and Methanocellales). In turn, crenarchaeal phylotypes were recovered throughout the sampled epipelagic waters (0- to 100-m depth), with clear phylogenetic segregation along the transition from oxic to anoxic water masses. Thus, whereas in the anoxic hypolimnion crenarchaeotal OTUs were mainly assigned to the miscellaneous crenarchaeotic group, the OTUs from the oxic-anoxic transition and above belonged to Crenarchaeota groups 1.1a and 1.1b, two lineages containing most of the ammonia-oxidizing representatives known so far. The concomitant vertical distribution of both nitrite and nitrate maxima and the copy numbers of both MCG1 16S rRNA and amoA genes suggest the potential implication of Crenarchaeota in nitrification processes occurring in the epilimnetic waters of the lake.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1303
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