Representative : Daniel Gaertner (IRD)

Scientific expertise is one of the assignments given by some MARBEC regulatory authorities.
While the purpose of research is to create knowledge in the long term, the expertise is based on the available knowledge to provide useful elements in support of the decision and providing advice at a given time. It is therefore one of the research enhancement forms that fits in the continuum of scientific production.

The orientation of the uses of marine and lagoon ecosystems more respectful of the environment and the involvement of various actors in the decision process (managers, professionals, local administration, NGOs, etc.) mean that the needs in terms of expertise are moving towards increasingly numerous and complex requests. Ecosystems exploitation practices (fisheries and aquaculture) should be evaluated using ecological and socio-economic indicators to measure the effectiveness of management actions in relation to the resilience of these ecosystems.

Support for the definition of public policies in response to environmental challenges is a priority of the UMR, which remains open to requests for expertise from different actors of the socio-economic world. The expertise developed within the UMR rests on the research topics within its area of competence and takes the form of contributions to groups of experts as well as individual and / or college expertise.

In this context the UMR MARBEC participates to stock assessments of Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (tuna Commissions and GFCM) as well as to the formulation of scientific advices to fisheries and aquaculture administrations (European, national and Southern partner countries), international organizations and task forces on the management and conservation of maritime domain (e.g. marine protected areas).

Biodiversity, water quality (aquaculture, contaminants), the right and duties on marine genetic resources also fall within the scope of scientific expertise issued by the UMR.

The UMR is involved in advising professional organizations of producers (national and regional) in the sectors of fisheries and aquaculture.

MARBEC MARine Biodiversity, Exploitation and Conservation, is a research unit which includes the staff of 4 organizations: IRD, IFREMER, UM and CNRS. Its objective is the study of marine biodiversity in lagoon coastal and offshore ecosystems, at different integration levels, molecular, individual, population and community aspects and the way humans use this biodiversity.